National Advanced Diploma in Government (NADG)

NADG

Each unit has a ten credit point value and 150 credit points are required to be eligible to graduate with the National Advanced Diploma in Government award.

 Program Units

FL306

FL307

FL308

FL309

FL310

FL311

FL312

FL313

FL314

FL315

FL316

FL317

FL318

FL319

Lead Ethical Practice in the Public Sector

Foster Leadership and Innovation

Apply Government Systems

Influence Strategic Policy

Provide Strategic Direction

Persuade & Influence Opinion

Manage Change

Manage Legislation Compliance in the Public Sector

Manage Policy Implementation

Manage Risk

Manage Resources

Manage Workplace Safety

Influence and Shape Diversity Management

Manage Diversity

 Unit Descriptions

FL306

FL306 Lead Ethical Practice in the Public Sector -10 Credit Points

This unit covers ethical leadership and responsibility for influencing ethical practice in the public sector. It includes embodying and modelling public service values, embedding ethical practice into the organisation’s culture and processes and promoting ethical leadership and decision making at all levels of the organization. In practice, ethical conduct is demonstrated in the context of generalist or specialist work activities such as managing client services, managing financial resources, providing strategic HR services, managing regulatory compliance, managing contracts, etc.

FL307

FL307 Foster Leadership and Innovation – 10 Credit Points

This unit covers the competency to foster leadership and innovative work practices in others. It includes providing a model for innovative practice, organising workgroups to develop innovation and leadership, organising work assignments to facilitate innovation, supporting workgroups to develop leadership and innovation, monitoring innovation and leadership development and providing feedback on innovation and leadership development. In practice, fostering innovation and leadership may overlap with other generalist or specialist public sector work activities such as acting ethically, complying with legislation, providing client service, leading a group, developing policy, managing projects, etc.

FL308

FL308 Apply Government Systems – 10 Credit Points

This unit covers the effective application of government systems to work in the public sector. It includes applying knowledge of linkages between government and other organisations, and between governments, and applying knowledge of the broader political context. In practice, knowledge of government systems is applied in the context of other generalist or specialist work activities such as managing client services, managing financial resources, providing strategic HR services, managing regulatory compliance, managing contracts, etc.

FL309

FL309 Influence Strategic Policy – 10 Credit Points

This unit covers strategic leadership in the policy field. It includes monitoring and influencing policy environments, setting strategic policy directions and providing policy advice to government. In practice, influencing strategic policy may overlap other generalist or specialist work activities such as influencing ethical practice in the public sector, providing strategic direction, defining strategic procurement directions, etc.

FL310

FL310 Provide Strategic Direction – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers the provision of strategic direction within the organisation. It includes analysing factors in the operating environment, developing ad coordinating a strategy for determining strategic priorities, and formulating and communicating strategic priorities. In practice, providing strategic direction overlaps with other generalist or specialist public sector work activities such as providing ethical leadership, influencing strategic policy, managing diversity, leading human resources, etc.

FL311

FL311 Persuade & Influence Opinion – 10 Credit  Points

The unit covers high level workplace communication for working at a senior level with internal and external clients, colleagues and other staff. It includes preparing for high level communication, critically analysing and responding to opinions, persuading and influencing others, and reflecting on and honing communication strategies. In practice, persuading and influencing others may overlap with other generalist and specialist work activities such as acting ethically, complying with legislation, applying government systems, managing change, managing diversity, etc.

FL312

FL312 Manage Change – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers the management of planned change (rather than emergent change) that may be caused by restructuring or machinery of government changes, changes imposed by others, or business unit initiated change. It includes confirming that change is required, determining the likely impact of change, developing a change management strategy, fostering commitment to workplace change, and implementing the change management strategy. In practice, managing change occurs in the context of other generalist or specialist public sector workplace activities such as managing client service delivery, managing policy implementation, applying government systems, networking, etc.

FL313

FL313 Manage Legislation Compliance in the Public Sector – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers management of compliance with public sector legislative requirements. It includes assuring legislative compliance, interpreting legislation and evaluating compliance outcomes. In practice, managing compliance with legislation is demonstrated in the context of other generalist or specialist work activities such as managing client service, managing financial resources, providing strategic human resource services, managing regulatory compliance, directing the management of contracts, etc.

FL314

FL314 Manage Policy Implementation – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers the interpretation of policy and the management of the policy implementation process. It includes interpreting and communicating the requirements of policy, and policy implementation. In practice, the management of policy implementation occurs in the context of other generalist and specialist work activities such as managing change, managing diversity, managing workplace safety, managing the delivery of client services, managing risk, directing the management of contracts, etc.

FL315

FL315 Manage Risk – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers maximising results and minimising consequences for a business unit activity by managing risk. It includes establishing the risk management context, planning for risk management, managing risk and evaluating the risk management plan. In practice, managing risk may overlap with other generalist or specialist public sector work activities such as acting ethically, complying with legislation, applying government systems, managing resources, managing change, managing diversity, formulating business strategies, etc.

FL316

FL316 Manage Resources – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers management of resources in accordance with planned business strategies. It includes analysing resource requirements, developing resource plans, allocating resources and reviewing and reporting on resource usage. In practice, managing resources may overlap with other generalist or specialist public sector work activities such as managing people, managing diversity, managing risk, developing a business case, formulating business strategies, etc.

FL317

FL317 Manage Workplace Safety – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers management and evaluation of occupation health and safety by operational managers who do not have responsibility for establishing the system, but must ensure that the workplace is, as far as practicable, safe and without risks for the health of employees. In practice, managing workplace safety may be demonstrated in the context of generalist or specialist work activities such as coordinating a workgroup, developing client services, coordinating and allocating resources, initiating and managing projects, etc.

FL318

FL318 Influence and Shape Diversity Management – 10 Credit Points

The unit covers influencing and shaping the development of organisational culture, structures and processes to maximise the strategic advantages of a diverse workforce. It includes influencing organisational culture, providing direction in diversity management and formulating strategic diversity priorities. In practice, Influencing diversity management occurs in the context of other strategic activities such as providing strategic direction, leading change, providing leadership in human resource management, etc.

FL319

FL319 Manage Diversity – 10 Credit Points 

The unit covers productive diversity management to maximise workforce effectiveness. It includes contributing to, promoting and monitoring a diversity strategy, facilitating the development of a workforce that promotes and values diversity, and facilitating communication with a diverse workforce. In practice, managing diversity occurs in the context of other generalist or specialist workplace activities such as managing compliance, managing people and performance, managing recruitment and selection, managing employee relations, managing client services, etc.

Diploma in Youth Development (DYD)

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Credit points required

Students are required to gain 150 credit points (150 CP) to be eligible for graduation.

Structure/Duration Study

The students will be required to attend an intensive 4 – 6 weeks residential block mode component in Madang during each semester. Directed and practical assignments relating to workplace applications are completed in the student’s own time. The program will be conducted through a flexible learning mode using well-established principles of adult learning applied to PNG context and employs collaborative classroom teaching and learning approach. DYD, which will be housed in the Faculty of Arts, consists of fourteen units of study, each with a value of 10 credit points. Students will be required to take four units per residential session in a semester.

Admission Requirements

Initially, potential candidates who hold a higher school certificate (grade 12) and have worked as a youth worker, for at least three years, are encouraged to apply. Future considerations of prospective candidates may be considered on a case-by case basis, depending on equivalent qualifications and Prior Learning.

 

Program Units

YD201  Ethics and Leadership in Development
YD202  Commonwealth Values in Youth Development Work
YD203  Learning Processes
YD204  Young People and Society
YD205  Principles and Practices of Youth Development Work
YD206  Working with People in Their Communities
YD207  Gender and Development
YD208  Management Skills
YD209  Policy Planning and Implementation
YD210  Project Planning, Management and Evaluation
YD211  Conflict Resolution Strategies and Implementation
YD212  Promoting Enterprise and Economic Development
YD213  Youth and Health
YD214  Sustainable development and Environmental Issues
YD215  Pacific Studies 

 

Unit Descriptions

YD201

YD201 Ethics and Leadership in Development - 10 credit points

Ethics is a systematic, critical study concerned with the evaluation of human conduct in its social and cultural context to make ethical decisions. It is concerned about what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do, or not to do. Ethics is also the critical evaluation of human conduct in any moral and professional perspective. In this unit, students will explore the understanding, sources and importance of ethics in everybody’s personal and professional life. It will also explore leadership skills and style that are applicable to development approaches in PNG. In today’s development occurrence and trainings many young people need to appreciate ethical leadership style that can be applied in their workplaces. The unit is designed to assist students to think and act ethically.

YD202

YD202 Commonwealth Values in Youth Development Work - 10 credit points

This unit has two goals: first, it introduces students to a set of values that have come to underpin the Commonwealth and how it actually works through consultation, cooperation, and consensus-building. It will focus on the key concepts of human rights, equity, democracy, pluralism, citizenship, participation, and empowerment. The unit helps students develop an understanding of the specific ideas that underpin these terms, as well as what they mean in the context of youth development work. Second, the unit introduces the Commonwealth as an international organisation – how it evolved, how it is structured, and what it is trying to achieve.

YD203

YD203 Learning Processes - 10 credit points

This unit explores different theories of learning and their influences. It identifies the different ways in which people learn and the factors that inhibit or facilitate learning. It also considers experiential learning as a method that is appropriate to youth development workers, and examines appropriate strategies for face-to-face work with young people and adults. The unit focuses on the role of youth development workers as educators or learning facilitators. Hence, students are introduced to the ideas and practices of learning that are relevant to youth development work.

YD204

YD204 Young People and Society - 10 credit points

This unit is designed to help students understand some of the theoretical background of youth development work, so that they can relate what they study to the social context in which they work. Students will examine: how young people are seen in various societies, and from different sociological perspectives, the range of definitions of ‘youth’, ‘adolescence’ and ‘family’, and the problems and issues facing young people and the societies in which they live. The unit illuminates the situation of young people in their society by exploring what researchers and theorists have said about youth in different social contexts, and relating them to general theories about society.

YD205

YD205 Principles and Practices of Youth Development Work - 10 credit points

This unit will introduce different approaches of working with young people so that the students will develop insight and skills of youth work. They will get a clearer understanding of the several key practices in youth work. It will cover history and traditions, models and approaches with practical settings of youth development work in Papua New Guinea and the world. The unit will further elaborate on the practical skills of youth workers when working with individuals and youth groups. The students will further explore the roles of youth workers and their professional conducts in the work place.

YD206

YD206 Working with People in Their Communities - 10 credit points

In this unit, students will explore what is currently understood about the most appropriate knowledge and skills required for working successfully with young people in groups. Students will be encouraged to think ahead and reflect on their successes and difficulties, study how people have worked in communities and their theories about their work. They will explore the theory and practice of community development, with particular reference to the work of Paolo Freire, learn about community development work plans, and how to make and implement them. They will also examine the characteristics of an effective group leader and consider the processes involved when their work is completed at the end of their involvement.

YD207

YD207 Gender and Development - 10 credit points

This unit explores the theory and practice of how to ensure equal outcomes for young women and young men. It examines a range of theories and approaches in different development and feminist traditions, and explores the implications for youth development work. It looks at the development issues that affect men and women, and the ways these issues may affect them differently. It examines the concept of gender and development and how this can be applied in projects and practical work.

YD208

YD208 Management Skills - 10 credit points

This unit focuses on the full range of management roles and tasks that youth development workers may need to perform, and about which they need to know.  The unit begins by exploring the concept of management and the theories informing the practices of management. It then focuses on showing how youth workers can manage both the resources and the staff they are responsible for in order to complete the tasks they need to manage. It also guides them through the management of organisational development and change. Key management processes are covered in detail, including time management, managing oneself, managing resources, staff development, budgeting and monitoring expenditure, and managing communication and information technology.

YD209

YLD209 Policy Planning and Implementation - 10 credit points

This unit will enable the student to develop the skills required to investigate, analyse and influence policy-making processes that shape welfare services, particularly those that directly affect the quality of young people’s lives. It will focus in particular on the nature of youth policy – the common themes that underpin national youth policies and the characteristic tensions within such policies. The relationship between youth policies and the wider policy environment will be considered. The unit will also look at the criteria for success or failure of youth policies and the evaluation of their outcomes.

YD210

YD210 Project Planning, Management and Evaluation - 10 credit points

This unit introduces students to the practices that have built up around the design and management of projects in the last few decades to give a general overview of project work. Much work on youth development is organised around specific projects, which are designed by youth workers and relevant stakeholders to solve very specific problems faced, or alternatively, they may be part of a much larger projects run by major funding bodies. To ensure project quality, project design and development are expected to use certain techniques. The unit therefore includes practical examples, that students are expected to use the examples as given and apply them to their own context. The examples used are to show the underlying principle hence, adjustments using case studies, will need to be made to suit context.

YD211

YD211 Conflict Resolution Strategies and Implementation - 10 credit points

This unit is designed to help students understand the nature of conflict and its effects on people in a range of contexts, both at an individual and at a group level. It will look at processes involved in behaviour that occurs between different groups, called inter-group behaviour, and its potential on group members. Students will become familiar with techniques designed to facilitate the resolution of conflict, which will improve their ability to work effectively with and through conflict. Throughout the unit, practical examples will be drawn from the Commonwealth that illuminates the theory and practice of mediation and negotiation.

YD212

YD212 Promoting Enterprise and Economic Development - 10 credit points

This unit focuses on the nature of current economic development and its relationship to enterprise activity. It will explore some of development possibilities of the links between youth work and contemporary economic change. The unit will describe the skills needed to promote self-employment among young women and young men, including the principles of setting up micro-enterprises. It will also explore aspects of informal education that can help young people to develop enterprise skills and undertake enterprise projects.

YD213

YD213 Youth and Health - 10 credit points

This unit defines youth in the context of health and looks at why it is important to involve young people in the planning and implementation of any programme that targets them, and how to promote youth participation. The unit also looks at contemporary health issues that affect young people, such as nutrition and diet, sexuality and reproductive health and drug abuse. Students learn about the differences between the principles of youth development work and those of health professionals and educators, and explore the need for appropriate alliances between health agencies and nongovernmental organisations (NGOs). The unit also looks at how to enable practitioners to recognise the different roles they have, and how to foster effective working relationships.

YD214

YD214 Sustainable Development and Environmental Issues - 10 credit points

This unit draws its contexts from the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992. The unit will help students increase their knowledge of the sustainable development and environmental issues that affect youth around the world. It will also provide students with the skills that will enable them to contribute to positive change in the present state of the environment, and enable them to lead and support group activities that will help to promote environmentally sustainable development.

YD215

YD215 Pacific Studies - 10 Credit Points

 

 

Diploma in Project Management (DIPM)

applyonlineDIPM

Credit Points Required

Each unit has a value of 10 credit points per Unit. Students are required to gain 80 credit points to qualify for graduation.

Duration of Study

The Diploma in Project Management program is comprised of EIGHT units of study. Usually students take two units each semester taking four semesters or two years to complete the program.

Study Mode and Location/Structure

Students are required to attend an intensive two- week residential component in Madang during each semester. Directed and practical assignments relating to workplace applications must then be completed in the student’s own time. The program is conducted through a distance-learning mode using well-established principles of adult learning applied to our Papua New Guinea context. Christian principles underpin all programs offered by DWU.

Admission Requirements

The entry requirement is for people to be in employment. This is necessary as assignment tasks require workplace application.
• Grade 10, 11 or 12 graduates with a minimum of 5 years of industry work experience
• Work experience with managing projects

 

Program Units

Semester One

FL161     Ethics and Productivity   
FL162     Introductions to Project Management   


Semester Two

         
FL163     Project Planning & Project Design   
FL164     Financial Performance, Efficiency and Spreadsheets  


Semester Three

        
FL165     Managing Projects 
FL166     Project Management Case Studies   


Semester Four

        
FL167     Accountability and Effective Workplace Relationships    
FL168     Project Management Reports    


Unit Descriptions

FL161

FL161 Ethics and Productivity - 10 Credit Points

The Ethics topic of this unit covers the ethical conduct of managers and supervisors, and the responsibility to encourage ethical conduct in others, colleagues, and supervised staff. This professional conduct includes respecting human rights. It includes contributing to an ethical workplace and participating in ethical decision making. In practice, ethical conduct is demonstrated in the context of generalist or specialist work activities such as applying processes, delivering and monitoring services to clients, using resources, conducting interviews, giving evidence, and awarding contracts. Professional ethical conduct and recognition of human rights are explained using Christian values and practices.

In the area of productivity, this unit guides participants to analyze the impacts of inputs and process involved in production of goods and services whilst managing costs. Factors that enhance performance and those that impede work performance are discussed. Formal work place arrangements and agreements between employees and employers are also discussed. The government’s role in the formation and regulation of workplace practice and its implication on performance and goal achievement of all stakeholders are studied.

FL162

FL162 Introductions to Project Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit outlines what a project is and the issues underpinning project management practices, and how Project Management differs from normal working operations. It is an introductory unit to project management program and focuses on terms and concepts used in project management. It gives students an overall view of the structure of the program as given in the text book.

FL163

FL163 Project Planning & Project Design - 10 Credit Points

This unit is designed to give students a clear picture of what takes place in planning and designing a successful project, and equips students with relevant skills and knowledge necessary to plan and design successful projects. It also provides the knowledge required to understand the processes involved in the planning of a project, and the interactions between processes.

FL164

FL164 Financial Performance, Efficiency and Spreadsheets - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to determine cost behaviour and to analyse costs within a business using financial formulas to ascertain its financial performance. The unit is a key management skill required by organizations responding to a rapidly changing business environment. It also covers Spreadsheet fundamentals to develop skills in the use of a spreadsheet application program. Microsoft Excel will be used to create worksheets, arrange data, create charts, and apply formulas to typical business orientated problems. It provides students of project management with the relevant competency to develop and manage project budget and monitor costs.

FL165

FL165 Managing Projects - 10 Credit Points

This Unit is designed to provide students practical skills for managing successful projects. It provides students with practical skills of planning project requirements, for successful implementation. It develops students’ competencies in project definition, analysis, planning, decision-making, programming and scheduling, resources, personnel, risk management, monitoring and evaluation. Related issues to project management include use of life cycle costing, asset management, cost benefit and sensitivity analyses; use of Gantt charts, pricing and charging. Leadership issues include team dynamics, management of professionals, and managing upwards . FL166 Project Management Case Studies

This unit is designed to provide comprehensive project management examples and assists students to gain knowledge from the successes and failures of projects. It will also enhance your knowledge and skills to undertake every activity within the project life cycle.

FL167

FL167 Accountability and Effective Workplace Relationships - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers the ability of managers to manage the performance of the staff that report to them directly. Development of key result areas and key performance indicators and standards, coupled with regular and timely coaching and feedback, provide the basis for performance management. This unit is for managers and prospective business.

FL168

FL168 Project Management Reports - 10 Credit Points

This unit is designed to provide students with skills and knowledge on producing good technical writing for a project report. It focuses on the importance of writing project reports, how much detail to include in the report, and the format of reports. It introduces students to the project management software.

 

 

Bachelor of Public Administration (BPA)

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Credit points required

 Students are required to gain 80 credit points (cp) to be eligible for the award.

Duration of Study

Students are required to attend a compulsory intensive two week residential component in the centre of choice where programs are conducted during each semester. Directed and practical assignments relating to workplace applications are then completed in the student’s own time. The program is offered at various times throughout the year.

Admission Requirements

Applicants are required to be currently employed and have a diploma in public policy/administration or a management related field with C or above grades and a minimum of 3 years in management or management related roles work experience.

Students who graduate with a Diploma in Government or related field are eligible to enrol in the Bachelor of Public Administration degree program.

 

 Program Units

Semester One

 MN405  Public Sector Values and Ethos

 MN406  Strategic Planning and Monitoring

Semester Two

 MN407    Management and Resource Mobilisation

 MN408    Public Sector Values and Ethos

Semester Three

 MN409    Communication and Interpersonal Skills

 MN410    Public Sector Polices and Legislations (Public Administration)

Semester Four

 MN419    Fundamentals of Research Methods

 MN420    Major Research Project

 Program Unit Descriptions

MN405

MN405 Public Sector Values and Ethos - 10 Credit Points

Key competencies developed in this unit are to manage gender equity issues and to uphold Christian ethical values and practices. Students’ increase their understanding of the development and application of Christian thought on personal, community and workplace values.

This unit covers the ethical conduct required of managers and supervisors and the responsibility to encourage ethical conduct in others, colleagues and supervised staff. This professional conduct includes respecting human rights. It includes contributing to an ethical workplace and participating in ethical decision-making. In practice, ethical conduct is demonstrated in the context of generalist or specialist work activities such as applying processes, delivering and monitoring services to clients, using resources, conducting interviews, giving evidence, awarding contracts. Professional ethical conduct and recognition of human rights are explained using Christian values and practices.

MN406

MN406 Strategic Planning and Monitoring - 10 Credit Points

The unit provides students with an overview of key roles of executive managers and techniques for effective performance in the public service. The unit covers six areas: (1) becoming a better manager; (2) planning; (3) handling and motivating people; (4) leading people and organizations; (5) organizing; and (6) monitoring. Success measurement tools comprised of self assessment tests, comprehension reviews and action summary checklists are used to ensure optimal benefit from knowledge gained. Application of learning to real-life workplace contexts and roles of students is central to the learning process.

MN407

MN407 Management and Resource Mobilisation - 10 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ capacity for personnel management. Topics include building a job description, skilful interviewing techniques, hiring and orientation programs that work, employee testing and evaluation, developing successful training programs and getting results through performance appraisal, improving productivity and team building, improving operations by tapping the employee workforce, putting the power behind personnel planning, developing a set of successful personnel policies and procedures, developing an effective wage and salary administration program and computerising human resource information. Students have the opportunity to apply learning to their particular managerial position in a public service organisation in PNG.

MN408

MN408 Public Sector Financial Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit provides students with an understanding of the Public Sector Financial Management and Government Accounting. Starting with a macro view of the Government Accounting information, the units present real government financial statements. Students will be able to establish how a financial statement communicates the financing, investing, operating activities and decision making for public sector managers who are users of accounting information. This unit motivates students by grounding the discussion in the real world, showing them the relevance of the topics covered to their future career. Thus this unit develops students’ managerial capacity by exploring financial information for decisions making.

MN409

MN409 Communication and Interpersonal Skills - 10 Credit Points

The importance of effective communication for managers cannot be overemphasized, for one specific reason: everything a manager does involve communication. Managers need effective communication skills. However, good communication skills alone do not make a successful manager. It can be said, though, that ineffective communication skills can lead to a continuous stream of problems for a manager. The unit covers 6 areas: (1) an understanding of managerial communication; (2) organisation communication; (3) how information technology affects communication; (4) communication issues in today’s organisations; (5) the process of interpersonal communication; and (6) developing interpersonal skills.

MN410

MN410 Public Sector Policies and Legislations (Public Administration) - 10 Credit Points

The roles and responsibilities played by public servants and their implications on important policies and legislations such as the Public Service Management Act and Public Finance Management Act. These policies and legislations are pivotal to a sustainable return to work outcomes in the public service. This unit provides students with all the information they need to actively perform their roles within the Government Jurisdiction. It also provides students with the knowledge and skills to undertake initial assessments on major government policies, their roles and responsibilities and examine how public servants implement and monitor those public policies effectively and efficiently. Students will be expected to share experiences and strategies for coordinating and implementing government policies within necessary legislations.

MN419

MN419 Fundamentals of Research Methods - 10 Credit Points

This course introduces students to the field of research. It examines in depth the research process and introduces them to the various aspects of doing research by providing advices and insights. Students will become acquainted with research methodologies and review the steps including; questionnaire designs, hypothesis formulation and theory construction, data collection techniques, literature review, data analysis and reporting; all of these aspects form the research proposal. The course will also introduce students to ethical issues in research and for them to relate their researches to contemporary policy issues by completing a research proposal in an area of their interest. This is a very practical course aimed to guide students through the research process. The proposal will be used to work on their major research project that lies ahead in Unit 8.

MN420

MN420 Major Research Project - 10 Credit Points 

From FL407 Research Methods unit and the completed research proposal, this unit would enable students to expand and advance a range of research methods and writing skills to develop and produce their own major independent research project report. This major research report emanates from the students’ research proposal and draft papers developed and produced from research methods unit. From their own completed interview questions and surveys and a research schedule, students will critically read, research, write, review and reflect upon their own major research report and consult with unit supervisor/mentor where necessary. Students will use, apply and practice computer, writing, and oral presentation skills. Overall, the students’ progressive assessment components and work result in a 3000-4000 word major research report of publishable standard.