Bachelor of Physiotherapy

Program Description

The Physiotherapy program aims to educate students for the profession of physiotherapy. Physiotherapists work in the fields of prevention and treatment of movement disorders that result in functional problems in daily life activities of people. People in Papua New Guinea who may benefit from physiotherapy assistance include people with amputations, brain damage, spinal cord injury, Cerebral Palsy, poliomyelitis, leprosy, burns, nerve or tendon damage, or congenital deformities such as clubfeet and spina bifida. Also people benefit who have joint pains, back and neck problems or sports injuries.



Duration of Study

The Physiotherapy program requires four-years of full-time study leading to the award of the Bachelor of Physiotherapy. The program has a balance of theory and practical work. During the program there will be extended periods of placements in hospitals and village settings for practical application of learning. By working alongside experienced physiotherapists in both hospital and community settings, students develop the skills to respond competently to individual patient needs and to work as a member of a health care team.



Study Mode and Location

Full time on Campus, Divine Word University, Madang

Credit Points Required

Achievement of 320 credit points or 40 credit points


Entry Requirement


School leavers must have gained a minimum grade of B in English and Mathematics and at least one of the sciences (either Biology or Chemistry) at Grade 12. Non-school leavers such as Physiotherapy Aides, Community Health Workers, Nurses and Health Extension Officers must have:

  1. At least two (2) years of prior work experience in rehabilitation

  2. At recommendation from their supervising physiotherapist

  3. Proof of having completed one of the programs listed above or the Associate Certificate in Rehabilitation run by Callan Services.

Units Offered

Year One

PY 107 Anatomy for Physiotherapy I

PY 108 Physiology for Physiotherapy

IS 117 End-User Computing and Word Processing

RS 234 Christian Ethics

PY 801 Clinical Orientation

PY 109 Anatomy for Physiotherapy II

PY 110 Basic Medical Science for Physiotherapy

PY 114 Introduction to Movement Science

PY 115 Basic Physiotherapy Skills I

PY 116 Basic Physiotherapy Skills II

 

Year Two

PY 209 Orthopaedics for Physiotherapy I

PY 210 Neurology for Physiotherapist I

PY 216 Physiotherapy in Paediatrics and Women's Health

PY 217 Cardio -Respiratory for Physiotherapist

 PY 218 Orthopaedics for Physiotherapist II

 PY 219 Neurology for Physiotherapist II

PY 802 Clinical placement 1:10 weeks duration

Year Three

PY 307 Community Based Rehabilitation

PY 308 Complex Case Managment I

PY 803 Clinical placement 2:10 weeks duration

PY 309 Complex Case Management II

PY 310 Introduction to Research

PY 313 Physiotherapy Ethics

Year Four

PY 401 Biomechanics and Kinesiology

PY 402 Electrotherapeutic Agents

PY 403 Rehabilitation 1

PY 404 Biostatics and Research Methods

PY 405 General and Health Psychology

PY 406 Rehabilitation 2

PY 407 Rehabilitation 3

PY 408 Research Project

 Program Unit Descriptions

PY 107

PY 107 Anatomy for Physiotherapy I - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students explore the basic knowledge and understanding of the structure and function of the human body, from cellular level through to the bodily systems. Students study the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs and musculoskeletal systems. Particular emphasis will be placed on description of bones, joints, muscles, nerves and arteries of upper limb and lower limb as these relate to the application of Physiotherapy.

PY 108

PY 108 Physiology for Physiotherapy - 8 Credit Points

In this unit the student explorers the knowledge and understand the basis of normal physiology of various systems of the human body with special emphasis on the functioning of the bodily systems – cardiovascular system, musculo–skeletal system, nervous system.

IS 117

IS 117 End - User Computing and Word Processing - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an introduction to the PC including its structure and place in the home or small office environment. It seeks to develop basic computer literacy and typing skills. Included is an understanding and facility with the use of a graphical user interface. Students are also provided with skills to use an Office suite of software, email, Internet and an intranet. Word Processing is an essential skill in the home and the small office and for student assignment writing. Students are given a comprehensive introduction to the basics of text formatting using word processing software.

RS 234

RS 234 Christian Ethics - 8 Credits

Ethics is a systematic, critical study concerned with the evaluation of human conduct to help male decisions about the future. It is concerned about what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do, not just what is the case or what is most acceptable or expedient. Christian ethics is the critical evaluation of human conduct from a Christian perspective. In this course, students will explore the understanding, sources and importance of ethics in everybody’s personal and professional life.

PY 801

PY 801 Clinical Orientation - 0 Credit Points

This clinical orientation is a one-week orientation in Modilon General Hospital’s Physiotherapy department and ensures that students have the aptitude for the profession of physiotherapy. Students must pass this clinical orientation in order to continue with the program. Assessment is through reflective journal and supervisor report. The unit has no credit point value.

PY 109

PY 109 Anatomy for Physiotherapy II - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students explore physiotherapy specific knowledge and understanding of the structure and function of the musculoskeletal, central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Students learn appropriate anatomical terminology and put regional anatomy in the context of examining the way that bones, muscles, vessels and nerves fit together and act to produce movement. Students consolidate the theoretical knowledge through applying this during practical sessions in surface anatomy, where students identify superficial structures by observation, surface marking and palpation.

PY 110

PY 110 Basic Medical Science for Physiotherapy - 8 Credit Points

Basic Medical Sciences consists of pathology, microbiology and general medicine. In pathology the students grasp basic knowledge and understanding of different disease processes common to PNG and are guided in their understanding of the way that these processes impact on patient management. In microbiology students study the most common pathological organisms and the diseases caused by them. In general medicine students look at some of the diseases common to PNG, their clinical manifestation, clinical features, investigation and medical management. Students are able to demonstrate a general understanding of the diseases that physiotherapists would encounter in their practice.

PY 114

PY 114 Introduction to Movement Science - 8 Credit Points

As introduction students explore the physiotherapy profession in PNG and analyse the role and responsibilities that a physiotherapist has towards patients, peers and management. This unit supplements knowledge of anatomy and enables students to have a better understanding of the principles of biomechanics and their application in musculoskeletal function and dysfunction. Students grasp basic knowledge and understanding of the mechanics of body movements. In order to analyze these body movements, a variety of basic procedures are used. Students study appropriate terminology in order to be able to communicate and describe body movements.

PY 115

PY 115 Basic Physiotherapy Skills I - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students gain understanding in the basic knowledge and skills needed for physiotherapy assessment of patients with various disorders. They identify and demonstrate the different components that form part of a complete assessment. This process includes accumulating information from a range of sources followed by an examination of the patient. Students analyse information of assessment outcomes to determine the most appropriate treatment plan. Teaching is through lectures, practical demonstrations and exercises. Assessment is through theoretical and practical tests and exams.

PY 116

PY 116 Basic Physiotherapy Skills II - 8 Credit Points

This unit builds on the unit PY106 Basic Physiotherapy Skills I, where analyses of the assessment findings are implemented to then determine the most appropriate treatment plan. In this unit, students identify and demonstrate the different components that form part of a complete treatment. Students learn the principles, techniques and effects of exercises as a therapeutic modality in the restoration of physical function. Therefore they study a range of treatment techniques, including passive and active exercise therapy, gait training, massage, heat and cold therapy and other physiotherapeutic interventions.

PY 209

PY 209 Orthopaedics for Physiotherapists I - 10 Credit Points

This unit introduces the student to the orthopaedic and surgical conditions which commonly cause disability, for which physiotherapists are called upon to manage during their day to day work. This unit demonstrates the specific clinical examination and management of those conditions.

PY 210

PY 210 Neurology for Physiotherapists I  - 10 Credit Points

In Neurology for Physiotherapists I the students are introduced to the neurological conditions which commonly cause disability, for which physiotherapists are called upon to manage during their day to day work. This unit demonstrates the specific clinical examination and management of those conditions.

PY 216

PY 216 Physiotherapy in Paediatrics and Women’s Health - 10 Credit Points

In this unit students examine the common types of paediatric conditions, which physiotherapists are called upon to manage during their day to day work. They focus on the developmental milestones of the child and a range of assessment and treatment techniques that are needed to manage children with orthopaedic and/or neurological conditions. More general issues associated with the treatment of children are addressed, like the need for creativity and play, in both assessment and treatment. The unit demonstrates physiotherapy assessment and management in obstetrics and gynaecological conditions for pre and post natal care, relief of pain, relaxation and posture.

PY 217

PY 217 Cardio–Respiratory for Physiotherapists - 10 Credit Points

In this unit students examine the most common types of cardio respiratory conditions, which the physiotherapist will be called upon to manage during their day to day work. Students focus on a range of assessment and treatment techniques that are needed for physiotherapists to manage patients with cardio respiratory conditions. In addition, the effect of exercises on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems is studied.

PY 218

PY 218 Orthopaedics for Physiotherapists II - 10 Credit Points

In this unit students deepen their understanding of orthopaedics, by using case studies as a problem based learning (PBL) teaching strategy. Theoretical knowledge is applied to practical case study situations to consolidate knowledge and skills. This application to case studies also facilitates the linkage between theory and practice by incorporating a ‘learning through practice’ approach. Students gain skills of professional practice, including time management and other procedures involved in managing a physiotherapy service. As part of the unit students are taken to Lae to learn further on orthotics, prosthetics and the mobility aids.

PY 219

PY 219 Neurology for Physiotherapists II - 10 Credit Points

In this unit students deepen their understanding of neurology, by using case studies as a problem based learning (PBL) teaching strategy. Theoretical knowledge is applied to practical case study situations to consolidate knowledge and skills. This application to case studies also facilitates the linkage between theory and practice by incorporating a ‘learning through practice’ approach. They also learn skills of professional practice, including time management and other procedures involved in managing a physiotherapy service.

PY 802

PY 802 Clinical Placement 1:10 Weeks Duration - 20 Credit Points

Clinical placements are essential as students gradually develop the skills of an independent professional. During clinical placements students integrate and apply knowledge, skills and attitudes acquired during the theoretical phase. Student develop and practise problem-solving skills in the clinical situation. By working alongside experienced physiotherapists in both hospital and community settings, they develop the skills to respond competently to individual patient needs and to work as a member of a health care team.

PY307

PY 307 Community Based Rehabilitation - 10 Credit Points

In this unit students explore the practical issues associated with adapting rehabilitation techniques to a village setting. After establishing a thorough needs analysis and situational analysis, students identify the necessary practical adaptations towards rehabilitation of their clients in villages. Students then need to practically adapt aids and equipment to aid their work in the community.

PY 308

PY 308 Complex Case Management I - 10 Credit Points

In this unit the students focus on specific assessment and treatment techniques, which have not been offered before in the program or in which the students need greater understanding. The selection of techniques offered in this unit, is based upon the feedback which the supervisors have given after the first clinical placement. This way the students are assured to learn appropriate knowledge and skills according to the needs of the PNG clinical setting, and they can see the relationship between the teaching in the classroom and the clinical hospital setting.
to work as a member of a health care team.

PY 803

PY 803 Clinical Placement 2:10 Weeks Duration - 20 Credit Points

Clinical placements are essential as the student gradually develops the skills of an independent professional. During clinical placements students integrate and apply knowledge, skills and attitudes acquired during the theoretical phase. Students develop and practise problem-solving skills in the clinical situation. By working alongside experienced physiotherapists in both hospital and community settings, they develop the skills to respond competently to individual patient needs and to work as a member of a health care team.

PY 309

PY 309 Complex Case Management 2 - 8 Credit Points

This unit focuses on the integration, application and consolidation of knowledge and skills learnt throughout the program. Specialized workshops focus on areas which need revision based upon feedback from the supervisors during the second clinical placements or on areas of students’ interest. This unit aims to further enhance students’ knowledge and skill base, to ensure a high level of competency in the workplace. The unit is delivered in the context of self-awareness, the effects of socio-economic change, gender and cultural practices on health and health care.

PY 310

PY 310 Introduction to Research - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students address the need for physiotherapy practice to be based on evidence of its effectiveness and efficiency. Encouraged by a questioning attitude towards practice, students explore avenues for obtaining evidence on which to base decisions concerning patient management. As a practical application, students undertake the process of writing a basic research paper on a subject related to physiotherapy practice. Students are guided through the process of doing library research and extracting information. This information is then formulated into a paper, which is scientifically structured and referenced.

PY 313

PY 313 Physiotherapy Ethics - 8 Credit Points

This unit introduces the student to the complex issue of medical ethics or bioethics in relation to research and in the context of the health worker–patient relationship. This also covers workplace ethical issues of physiotherapy professionals.

PY 401

PY 401 Biomechanics and Kinesiology - 10 Credit Points

This unit supplements the knowledge of anatomy and enables the student to have a better understanding of mechanics and reviews biomechanical principles with respect to functional human movement, dysfunction, posture, balance, therapeutic exercise prescription and equipment.  Teaching is through lectures, demonstrations and practical sessions. Assessment consists of written assignments, theory test and theory exam.

PY 402

PY 402 Electrotherapeutic Agents - 10 Credit Points

In this unit, the student will learn the principles, techniques and effects of low, medium and high frequency currents as a therapeutic modality in the restoration of physical function. Teaching is through lectures, practical demonstration, tutorials and case studies. Assessment is through theory assignments, presentations and practical assignments

PY 403

PY 403 Rehabilitation 1 - 10 Credit Points

This unit will enable the students to understand their role in the management of disability within the rehabilitation team. It also serves to integrate the knowledge of orthopaedics to rehabilitate patients with dysfunction due to pathology in musculoskeletal conditions and sports injuries.  Teaching is through lectures, practical demonstration, tutorials and case studies. Assessment is through theory assignments, case studies, presentations and practical assignments.

PY 404

PY 404 Biostatics and Research Methods - 10 Credit Points

In this, unit students address the need for Physiotherapy practice to be based on evidence of its effectiveness and efficiency. Encouraged by a questioning attitude towards practice, students explore avenues for obtaining evidence on which to base decisions concerning patient management. As a practical application, students undertake the process of writing a basic research paper on a subject related to Physiotherapy practice. Students are guided through the process of doing library research and extracting information. This information is then formulated into a paper, which is scientifically structured and referenced. Teaching is through lectures, tutorials and practical research activities. In the context of creating a basic research paper, the role of the lecturer is that of mentor. Assessment is through theory assignments, practical research activities, essay including its presentation.

PY 405

PY 405 General and Health Psychology - 10 Credit Points

In this unit the student understand the specific psychological factors and effect in physical illness and thus help them have a holistic approach in their dealings with patients during admission, treatment, rehabilitation and discharge.

PY 406

PY 406 Rehabilitation 2 - 10 Credit Points

This unit will enable the students to understand their role in the management of disability within the rehabilitation team. It also serves to integrate the knowledge of neurology to rehabilitate patients with dysfunction due to pathology in nervous system and Paediatrics. Teaching is through lectures, practical demonstration, tutorials and case studies. Assessment is through theory assignments, case studies, presentations and practical assignments.

PY 407

PY 407 Rehabilitation 3 - 10 Credit Points

This unit will enable the students to understand their role in the management of disability within the rehabilitation team. It also serves to integrate the knowledge to rehabilitate patients with dysfunction due to pathology in Cardio – respiratory among adults and paediatrics. Teaching is through lectures, practical demonstration, tutorials and case studies. Assessment is through theory assignments, case studies, presentations and practical assignments.

PY 408

PY 408 Research Project - 10 Credit Points

This topic aims to develop student’s research skills through individual project work. Students will develop a research question relevant to their field of interest in Physiotherapy, plan and conduct a research program to investigate this hypothesis taking into consideration scientific, social and legal aspects. Topics covered include; research methodology; data collection and analysis; and presentation of research findings. This unit is continuation of the PY404 Research Methods and Biostatistics. The topic emphasizes self-directed learning by enabling the student to determine the research strategy and approach.

 

 

Bachelor of Health Management

Program Description

The Health Management program is designed to graduate managers or supervisors working in administrative or clinical positions in the National Department of Health or at provincial, district, hospital or other facility level. They need knowledge, skills and attitudes, not only to meet the challenges of today, but also to take a central role in designing the future of health care in PNG.


Duration of Study

The Bachelor of Health Management degree program requires four years of full-time study. Students enroll in the degree program but may choose to exit after the first two years with a Diploma in Health Management.


Study Mode and Location

Full time on Campus, Divine Word University, Madang


Requisites to complete the award

Achievement of 320 credit points or 40 credit points each semester.


Entry Requirement

Minimum of ‘C’ in Grade 12 English and mathematics, or health care practitioners with years of work experience in management.



Units Offered

Year One

HM 101 Health Care Systems

BS 114 Accounting Fundamentals 1   

BS 115 Management Principles

IS 117 End-User Computing and Word Processing 

RS 234 Christian Ethics

HM 102 Critical Thinking 

HM 103 Society, Culture and Health   

HM 104 Community Development

HM 105 Health Management Communication

RS 244 Social and Ethical Issues

 

Year Two

HM 201 Busines Writing

HM 202 Resource Managment 1

HM 203 Professional Ethics in Health

HM 205 Organizational Behaviour

IS 113 Introduction to Spread Sheet Management

HM 204 Public Finance and Budgeting

HM 206 Legal Issues in Health Management

BS 317 Human Resource Management

IS 115 Introduction to Database Management

Year Three

HM 301 Biostatistics and Epidemiology

HM 302 Microeconomics  

HM 303 Research Methods

BS 312 Financial Management  

HM 304 Health Information Management

HM 305 Health Policy

HM 306 Health Economics

HM 307 Resource Management 2   

Year Four

HM 402 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 1   

HM 403 Working with the Media

HM 404 Project Planning and Design

HM 407 Health System Research

HM 401 Quality Management

HM 405 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 2

HM 406 Health Services Management

HM 408 Project Monitoring and Evaluation

Program Unit Descriptions

HM 101

HM 101 Health Care Systems- 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an overview of organizational arrangements for provision and financing of healthcare services in PNG. The focus is on major issues in the organization of the PNG health services system: role of values; assessment of health status; analysis of need, access and use of services; current supply and distribution of health resources; private and public financing of health services; government regulation; and system reform. The unit also compares and contrasts the PNG health system with health systems generally.

BS 114

BS 114 Accounting Fundamentals 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit is about the nature and purpose of accounting as well as the methods and technical skills necessary to manage basic accounting procedures. The unit will acquaint the students with the methods and techniques of recording, classifying, summarising and presenting financial information on the computer.

BS 115

BS 115 Management Principles - 8 Credit Points

This unit serves as an introduction to the principle and practices of management and the role of managers. The unit will mainly evolve around the basic functions of managers, specifically planning, organising, leading and controlling. Apart from providing the students with the beginning level of understanding management principles, PNG case studies will analysed using various and appropriate strategies and techniques base on relevant principles and theories.

IS 117

IS 117 End - User Computing and Word Processing - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an introduction to the PC including its structure and place in the home or small office environment. It seeks to develop basic computer literacy and typing skills. Included is an understanding and facility with the use of a graphical user interface. Students are also provided with skills to use an Office suite of software, email, Internet and an intranet. Word Processing is an essential skill in the home and the small office and for student assignment writing. Students are given a comprehensive introduction to the basics of text formatting using word processing software.

RS 234

RS 234 Christian Ethics - 8 Credit Points

Ethics is a systematic, critical study concerned with the evaluation of human conduct to help male decisions about the future. It is concerned about what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do, not just what is the case or what is most acceptable or expedient. Christian ethics is the critical evaluation of human conduct from a Christian perspective. In this course, students will explore the understanding, sources and importance of ethics in everybody’s personal and professional life.

HM 102

HM 102 Critical Thinking - 8 Credit Points

This unit encourages students to reflect on their thinking and provides basic skills to improve thinking. Thinking skills include sorting of information, consideration of priorities, setting objectives and accounting for other people’s views and so on. Descriptive thinking is not enough. This unit utilises many of the exercises designed by Edward de Bono, as well as exercises in logic and critical thinking drawn from philosophy, to encourage students to think laterally, deeply, logically and critically.

HM 103

HM 103 Society, Culture and Health - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores how cultural beliefs, customs and practices relate to health issues, and implications for health management practices. It provides students with ethnographic information to adapt health protocols to a PNG setting. Students examine the sociocultural context of disease, its identification, treatment and experience, and the way in which communities respond to illnesses in their midst. They investigate the commonly held but contradictory assumptions about biology, epidemiology, causation and gender roles and the way in which these contradictions often result in the obstruction of both local and introduced strategies.

HM 104

HM 104 Community Development - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores the relationship between health and community development. Students discuss how human behaviour and the environment influence health and the provision of community health, public health, primary health care and health promotion in PNG. Concepts of demography and epidemiology are introduced. Students understand the impact of the Ottawa Charter in 1986, on health provision that best serves the needs of the population. They examine the importance of intervention strategies within the context of public health, health promotion, primary care and community care. Strategies to address HIV/AIDS in PNG are considered.

HM 105

HM 105 Health Management Communication - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an overview of various theoretical aspects contributing to effective communication and education strategies in health management. Students become familiar with some of the factors that contribute to people changing their beliefs and attitudes that may lead to better health management by individuals and communities. Students consider principles for successful communication including involvement of targeted audience, multifaceted strategies, design features, and basic steps involved in planning a strategy. Students consider how culturally appropriate information can be targeted to specific groups via specialist publications, television, leaflets, posters, booklets, CDs, and so on. Students will also have an opportunity to develop basic skills in working face-to-face with groups. The importance of partnership, consultation and evaluation are emphasised.

RS 244

RS 244 Social and Ethical Issues - 8 Credit Points

In this unit, students explore a range of social and ethical issues in Papua New Guinea today. This study includes an in-depth examination of the various contemporary social and ethical issues like abortion, domestic violence, rape, settlements and evictions, etc. Thus, by eliciting Christian insights into the social and ethical questions of the day, the unit will better equip students to contribute to the common good in whatever profession they choose.

HM 201

HM 201 Business Writing - 8 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ knowledge and skills to write clear, concise, relevant and effective business correspondence. Students engage with practical writing assignments each week to demonstrate techniques in business writing and overall language development. Sample health sector correspondence is used to develop students’ familiarity with the requirements of the health sector. Students develop skills to structure and communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions, accurately and reliably, in a written format suitable for specialist and non-specialist audiences.

HM 202

HM 202 Resource Management 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides the knowledge and skills to promote efficient and sustained utilization of the physical and material resources of health service delivery. Students explore key concepts of resource management, with a focus on medical supply management. They develop competencies in store keeping according to accepted norms, stock control, conducting inventories, and forecasting to ensure an optimum supply/demand balance that prevents shortages and excess supplies, and wastage due to expiry.

HM 203

HM 203 Professional Behaviour - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides global and Melanesian perspectives on moral and ethical issues affecting health workers and the people encounter. Topics may include choices people make about euthanasia, contraceptives, abortion, test tubes babies, surrogate mothers, organ donation, stem cell research, pornography, domestic violence, rape and experimental research on humans. The unit places value on the sacredness of the family, what the Bible says about life and the right to life. Studies strengthen students’ personal moral and ethical values and actions.

HM 205

HM 205 Organisational Behaviour - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with the knowledge and skills for understanding and effectively managing individuals and groups within health care organizations. The unit explores the theories, structure and processes of communication in organizations. It focuses on communication competency as the heart of organizational change and effectiveness, and addresses the nature of that competency at individual, group, and organization-wide levels. Students learn techniques for persuasive communication, conflict, and change management. They develop strategies and counselling skills for promoting teamwork and dealing with interpersonal problems in an organizational setting.

IS 113

IS 113 Introduction to Spreadsheet Management - 8 Credit Points

Electronic spreadsheets now replace hand-written financial record keeping and calculating in the small or home office environment. As well the typical ‘what-if’ analysis feature of spreadsheets facilitates decision-making. Skills in spreadsheets management are, therefore, essential for those entering the business world. With a commonly used software application this skills-based unit students are introduced to the fundamental principles and practical skills required to produce accurate calculations in worksheets with a professional appearance.

HM 204

HM 204 Public Finance and Budgeting - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with the understanding of the basic concepts and principles of public finance as well as the guidelines in the preparation of budgets. Students examine how health services of PNG are funded including HSIP funding. They consider how government economic decisions affect the type of health services that are delivered, funded and who receives those services. Students acquire the skills to prepare and understand institutional and departmental budgets.

HM 206

HM 206 Legal Issues in Health Management - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores the PNG legal system and its implications for healthcare provision. Some components of the unit are the PNG constitution, the criminal code, contract law, the law of torts, the organic law and divisions of law. The unit provides students with an understanding of legal issues that influence health management practices. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of the courts in health policy development and health care delivery. While the unit will focus on PNG law, references will be made to aspects of foreign legal issues in health management.

BS 216

BS 216 Cost Accounting 1 - 8 Credit Points

The unit introduces students to the various cost concepts and explores the different cost accumulation procedures. Job order and process costing are explored and applied on business concerns, on service organisations such as health care organizations and hotel services. The first part of the unit covers the costs, its concepts and objectives, its vital role in management planning, organising and control. The second part probes in detail the cost elements and its accumulation under job order costing and inventory valuation.

BS 317

BS 317 Human Resource Management - 10 Credit Points

The unit introduces students to the functions and practice of Human Resource Management (HRM) in organisations seeking to deliver quality service and achieve performance improvement. The unit will explore the relevance and adaptation of HRM concepts in the context of work and culture in Papua New Guinea companies.

IS 115

IS 115 Introduction to Database Management - 8 Credit Points

Database systems are foundational examples of Information Systems. They are required in all office environments where data on such items as staff, clients and stock need to be recorded and retrieved. This unit introduces database management with a commonly used relational database management system where data is organised in a logical and orderly way using fields and records in creating tables. Tables are organised and linked and then queried to search and manipulate records. There is focus also on activities with business applications such as personnel, inventory, and financial record management.

HM 301

HM 301 Biostatistics and Epidemiology - 10 Credit Points

The unit is introduces students to basic statistical procedures and concepts in relation to health management. Students study biostatistical concepts and procedures that they require in their study of epidemiology. Students develop the knowledge and skills to work with abstract data, concepts and raw materials, and frame appropriate questions to achieve a solution or range of solutions to a problem.

HM302

HM 302 Microeconomics - 10 Credit Points

Microeconomics introduces students to the basic concepts of economic problems, different kinds of economies, the production possibilities curve, the law of demand and supply and the law of diminishing returns. This knowledge is applied and tested in drawing different curves and schedules. Students develop the knowledge and the skills to make sound and justified economic decisions in the field of health management.

HM 303

HM 303 Research Methods - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers theories of qualitative and quantitative research, and research methodology from the setting up and execution of research projects, through definition of research problems, selection of research objectives, project design, data analysis and presentation of results. The unit helps students to get started in research and identifies the basic steps in research design, that is, the way a research idea is translated into a feasible research proposal and the steps that must be taken thereafter to implement the proposed study. The unit culminates in student presentations of manageable research proposals.

BS 312

BS 312 Financial Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit gives students an operational knowledge of finance through theory and application, including computer application. The concepts, principles and theories will provide the students the knowledge, analytical and evaluative skills in making decisions pertaining to the allocation, acquisition and management of funds whether for working or long -term investment needs of businesses operating in PNG.

HM 304

HM 304 Health Information Management -10 Credit Points

In this unit students consider the knowledge and skills needed to manage a health information system. This unit stresses the importance of a methodical approach to having accurate, relevant, timely and complete data for effective and ‘evidence-based’ decision making by healthcare personnel. It examines the importance of health records in the surveillance, planning and generation of health information; and the issues of privacy, confidentiality and the law in records management, the development of procedural documentation and computerized data management bases.

HM 305

HM 305 Health Policy - 10 Credit Points

This unit describes the nature of public policy interventions within the various domains of public health, the motivations for undertaking them, the influence of the political, bureaucratic, and social environment in which policy decisions are made, the consequences of such decisions, and an analysis of the effects of public health policies. Students evaluate case studies of PNG public health policy decisions and their effects. Discussions are held on what is happening globally in terms of policy initiatives to bridge the gap between increasing demands in health care and scarcity of resources.

HM 306

HM 306 Health Economics - 10 Credit Points

The unit provides an overview of economic issues affecting health service delivery. The unit begins with a broad introduction to economics, starting with basic concepts and methods. Resources and scarcity are reviewed and discussed, along with the theory of demand, supply, market economy, competition and market equilibrium. Students consider financing health care; the use of cost information; measuring health benefits; and economic appraisal and evaluation of health interventions.

HM 307

HM 307 Resource Management 2 - 10 Credit Points

This unit provides the knowledge and skills to develop and manage resources to ensure the ongoing maintenance of buildings and grounds of health facilities in PNG. Students develop skills to manage, develop and maintain health facility buildings and grounds; design and undertake building audits; analyse and evaluate environmental and land issues that impact on development; critically appraise the need for preventative maintenance; design and implement a preventative maintenance program; manage services effectively and efficiently in hospitals and healthcare facilities.

HM 402

HM 402 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 1 - 10 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ ability to critically appraise and assess health service needs and to design and implement a strategic plan. Health managers need to be able to implement health policy throughout the health delivery system. Health planning and evaluation skills are key tools for ensuring that health services satisfy national policy goals in a sustainable and efficient manner. Students develop competencies in planning and evaluation for health managers. It puts planning and evaluation into a project management framework and examines methods and applications.

HM 403

HM 403 Working with the Media - 10 Credit Points

This unit creates an awareness of the challenges and opportunities created by the national and international media (print, radio, television, Internet) in relation to health issues in PNG. It provides knowledge and understanding of how the media works, its structure, role and function. Students study the laws governing the media including censorship, rights to privacy and freedom of information, what makes news, handling news inquiries, writing press releases, being interviewed, hosting press conferences and preparing informational and educational campaigns. Students examine the importance of networking and lobbying in order to achieve desired health outcomes.

HM 404

HM 404 Project Planning - 10 Credit Points

In this unit, students, as a team, design a project and prepare a project proposal to reduce, eliminate, eradicate or address a specific health problem and the associated morbidity and mortality. The project should intend to improve the health of the population of a community. Students consider a situation analysis, project rationale, options, project description, benefits or impacts, resources, costing and organization and management of a project. The unit provides the beginning knowledge and skills in planning and designing of projects.

HM 407

HM 407 Health System Research - 10 Credit Points

This unit explores research into health system issues. The objectives of this unit are two fold: (1) to generate new knowledge with the appropriate technological skills to deal with health issues. and (2) to identify priority problems in order to design and evaluate policies and programs that will facilitate health benefits and optimal use of locally available resources.

HM 401

HM 401 Quality Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit examines the background of quality management, the implications of quality, quality assurance and quality management. Consideration is given to quality standards for hospitals and health centres and how the organization’s culture and employee attitudes can affect quality outcomes. Students discuss and evaluate the resources, infrastructure and tools necessary to ensure quality of health care facilities and services. Students gain the knowledge and skills to manage quality of care assessment, control, and improvement in healthcare delivery settings.

HM 405

HM 405 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 2 - 10 Credit Points

This unit integrates cultural, economic, scientific and population health knowledge for the better management of contemporary health issues in Papua New Guinea. Students develop critical insight into a variety of current, multi-faceted issues through case studies, readings, independent research and shared knowledge. The issues are considered using background techniques from management strategic planning, finance, organizational theory, statistics and epidemiology.

HM 406

HM 406 Health Services Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit explores the efficient and sustained utilization of the human, physical, material and fiscal resources of health service delivery in line with the identified needs of the population. Students consider skills to effectively implement health activities through the use of strategic management plans for health services; use quality management tools to assist the implementation of health activities; improve health service delivery by using information from health services; and undertake a process evaluation. Implementation activities include organizing resources, leadership for action, and controlling the implementation process.

HM 408

HM 408 Project Monitoring and Evaluation - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers project monitoring and evaluation. Students learn how to use the logical framework approach to summarise the assumptions and risks that affect the outcome of a project. They determine the feasibility of a project and whether the project outcomes can be sustained after the duration of the project. Students gain knowledge and skills in effective planning and designing of projects and how to carry out efficient monitoring and evaluation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Bachelor of Health Sciences (Rural Health)

The Bachelor of Health Sciences (Rural Health) program focuses upon the preparation of Health Extension Officers for District Health Centres in the rural areas. These Health Extension Officers are responsible for patient care in the rural areas, the daily administration of the rural health centre, and the coordination of community health services.

In addition to the Bachelor of Health Sciences in Rural Health, the department offers an Advanced Diploma in Emergency Medicine program in flexible learning mode through the Flexible Learning Centre.

paramedical college Rurual Practical EHP Year 1 Students on Practical
 Paramedical College, Madang  Rural Practical Sigere Health Centre, EHP  Year 1 students on Practical, Madang




Duration of Study

The Health Extension bachelor program requires four-years of full-time study leading to the award of the Bachelor of Health Sciences in Rural Health. During the program there will be extended periods of placements in hospitals and health centres for practical application of learning.



Study Mode and Location

Full time on Campus, Divine Word University, Madang



Requisites to complete the award

Achievement of 320 credit points or 40 credit points each semester.



Entry requirements

Applicants are required to have a minimum ‘B’ grade in all science subjects including Chemistry, Biology and Physics, and a ‘B’ grade in English and Mathematics in their year 12 results.

Award Requirement

Students must achieve a minimum of 320 credit points, have satisfied 75% of the requirements of the logbook, satisfied requirements for rural block and urban clinical placements, submitted a report of their research project, and have paid all fees to be eligible to graduate with the Bachelor of Health Science (Rural Health) award.

Bridging Program

The bridging program for upgrading Diploma in Applied Health Sciences to Bachelor of Health Sciences Degree commenced in 2015. HEOs who have achieved Diploma in Applied Health Sciences can now upgrade to Bachelor of Health Sciences degree through the Flexible Learning Mode, I year full time or 2 years part time. More information on the bridging program can be accessed through flexible learning (click here)

 

Units Offered

Year One

HE121 Introduction to Human Biology

HE126 Principles of Medical Biochemistry

HM101 Health Care Systems

IS117 End-User Computing and Word Processing

RS234 Christian Ethics

HE122 Microbiology

HE125 Human Anatomy

HE127 Human Physiology

HE403 Professional Ethics and Communication

HM103 Society, Culture & Health

Year Two

HE213 Medical Pharmacology

HE223 Introduction to Clinical Examination

HE215 Infectious Diseases and Lifestyle Diseases

HE216 Administration and Principle of Management

HE224 Biostatistics and Research Methods

HE218 Pediatrics I

HE219 Medicine I

HE220 Obstetrics & Gynecology I

HE221 Surgery I and Anesthetics

HE222 Accident and Emergency I

Year Three (7 weeks clinical rotations throughout the year)

HE307 Clinical Accidents & Emergency

HE308 Clinical Pediatrics

HE309 Clinical Medicine

HE310 Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology

HE311 Clinical Surgery

Year Four

HE317 Rural Clinical Placement

HE318 Community Health Practice

HE320 Family Health Service

HE406 Clinical Log Book Assessment

HE401 Epidemiology 2

Program Unit Descriptions

HE 121

HE 121 Introduction to Human Biology - 8 Credit Points

In this unit, students gain knowledge of human biology. Students examine the cell structure and function as the basis of life; the cell membrane and its function as a basis of cell integrity; how cells form into organized and specialized tissues and/or organs; cell division involving meiosis and mitosis and the mechanisms controlling cell divisions; body cavities and their importance; body fluids including body water and different cellular compartments; body metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fats that provide energy to cell functions while noting the basis of disorders such as diabetes mellitus; and homeostasis; and knowledge of vital signs of what is normal and what is abnormal.

HE 126

HE 126 Principles of Medical Biochemistry - 8 Credit Points

Biochemistry is the study of life chemistry and, in this unit, the topic is studied as it applies to medical practice. Students explore basic principles of biochemistry relevant to medicine and the practice of medicine in Papua New Guinea. Topics include the principles of molecular structure and function, cell and tissue structure, genetic information (DNA/RNA etc.), signaling and signaling pathways and glucose/lipid metabolism.

HM 101

HM 101 Health Care Systems - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an overview of organizational arrangements for provision and financing of healthcare services in PNG. The focus is on major issues in the organization of the PNG health services system: role of values; assessment of health status; analysis of need, access and use of services; current supply and distribution of health resources; private and public financing of health services; government regulation; and system reform. The unit also compares and contrasts the PNG health system with health systems generally.

IS 117

IS 117 End - User Computing and Word Processing - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an introduction to the PC including its structure and place in the home or small office environment. It seeks to develop basic computer literacy and typing skills. Included is an understanding and facility with the use of a graphical user interface. Students are also provided with skills to use an Office suite of software, email, Internet and an intranet. Word Processing is an essential skill in the home and the small office and for student assignment writing. Students are given a comprehensive introduction to the basics of text formatting using word processing software.

RS 234

RS 234 Christian Ethics - 8 Credit Points

Ethics is a systematic, critical study concerned with the evaluation of human conduct to help male decisions about the future. It is concerned about what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do, not just what is the case or what is most acceptable or expedient. Christian ethics is the critical evaluation of human conduct from a Christian perspective. In this course, students will explore the understanding, sources and importance of ethics in everybody’s personal and professional life.

HE 122

HE 122 Microbiology- 8 Credit Points

Microbiology is the study of the biology of the microbes (micro-organisms) and the disease aspects these microbes cause in humans. Microbiology covers micro-organisms which include: bacteria, protozoa, fungi and viruses. Students examine various microbes and their effects on the human body. They describe and classify various pathogenic (disease causing organisms) micro-organisms into groups and the diseases they cause. Students explore diagnostic microbiology where they identify and differentiate various groups of micro-organisms from harmless to harmful ones. With the aid of microscopes, students are able to explore and identify the existence of pathogenic micro-organisms.

HE 125

HE 125 Human Anatomy - 8 Credit  Points

In this unit the students explores the anatomical structure of the human body. Body structure will be studied by organ systems and will involve a balance between gross anatomical study and histology. Teaching is through lectures, tutorials, experiments and practical exercises. Assessment is based on written tests.

HE 127

HE 127 Human Physiology - 8 Credit Points

The aim of the unit is to provide the student with knowledge of function of human body in each of the different systems of body, primarily focusing at the level of organs and systems. In this unit the students explore the body as a collection of interacting systems, each with its own combination of functions and purposes to an extent that they are able to clearly distinguish the normal function of human body from a diseased state of human body.

HE 403

HE 403 Professional Health Ethics and Communication - 8 Credit Points

Many clinical choices in patient management are essentially ethical. Patients are also increasingly becoming aware of what they believe to be their human rights. Health professionals have an ethical clinical responsibility to: (i) protect life and health, (ii) respect patient autonomy and (iii) administer health care with fairness and justice. In this unit students are exposed to what these mean in clinical and practical contexts. The students are exposed to local and international professional regulations covering codes of practice, and consequences of failing to uphold the three principles.

HM 103

HM 103 Society, Culture and Health - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores how cultural beliefs, customs and practices relate to health issues, and implications for health management practices. It provides students with ethnographic information to adapt health protocols to a PNG setting. Students examine the sociocultural context of disease, its identification, treatment and experience, and the way in which communities respond to illnesses in their midst. They investigate the commonly held but contradictory assumptions about biology, epidemiology, causation and gender roles and the way in which these contradictions often result in the obstruction of both local and introduced strategies.

HE 213

HE 213 Medical Pharmacology - 8 Credit Points

This unit focuses on developing student’s knowledge and understanding of medical pharmacology which is the science of chemicals in the form of drugs that interact with human body. Drugs are important and integral part of health care and health delivery. Students study the pharmacokinetic / pharmacodynamic processes, drugs therapeutic usage in diseases, adverse drug reactions, social and economical implication of drug use, and the Papua New Guinea’s current drug policy. Students investigate pharmacological practices or drugs uses that are relevant to Papua New Guinea.

HE 223

HE 223 Introduction to Clinical Examination - 8 Credit Points

The art of clinical examination which embraces the skills of history taking and physical examination is crucial to the clinical practice. In clinical practice most of the diagnosis can be made based by drawing conclusions from the adequate clinical examination. The competency of clinical examination is vital in the rural setting due low technical and diagnostic support. The primary aim of this unit is to equip students with the correct techniques in history taking and physical examination, refine skills to prioritize and summarize the findings. The secondary aim is to develop a proper attitude and behavior during students interaction with the patient and families. Introduction to clinical examination is an indispensable prerequisite to clinical units.

HE 215

HE 215 Infectious Diseases and Lifestyle Diseases - 8 Credit Points

This unit enables students to understand the different types of illnesses categorized as communicable (infectious diseases) and non-communicable disease (lifestyle diseases). They explore the causes and diagnosis of these health problems and the methods currently used to deal with categories of illnesses in the population. Most importantly they obtain knowledge of the changing pattern of diseases in our country today and how to prevent these diseases which are on the increase and influenced by changing life styles.

HE 216

HE 216 Administration and Principles of Management - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students examine the principles of administration and management within the context of rural health services delivery. They analyze the branches and activities of governments and construct distinctive features of the organizational structures of various levels of governments in PNG through which health services are delivered. Students examine the method of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation used by levels of governments and the supervisory role of the health centres in the rural areas of PNG. They are encouraged to reflect on the complimentary role of clinicians, public health specialists and management responsibilities of health centres.

HE 224

HE 224 Biostatistics and Research Methods - 8 Credit Points

The purpose of statistical methods is to put numerical data into a context by which their meaning can be better judged. Statistical sciences deal with transforming words data to numerical data, which give a clearer view of data’s significance. The students will study this unit through a series of lectures on the different statistical methods used to transform data. The students will learn specific but simple methods such as data tabulation, data presentation, summarizing of data into means and standard deviations; how to obtain and calculate data distribution, data means and standard deviation. Students will also learn significant testing using  student ‘t ‘ test,. The ultimate aim of this unit is for students to develop a rational basis for presenting data and upon graduation, health professionals can apply this basic knowledge for data collection and analysis.

HE218

HE 218 Paediatrics 1 - 8 Credit Points

Students are introduced to the normal and abnormal processes of growth and development - from birth to early adolescence. This unit focuses on problems associated with the process of human growth and development, and the etiology, pathology and clinical manifestation of diseases in children. Students study various aspects of growth and development; current national and global status of children’s health particularly infant morbidity and mortality; common causes of deaths in children in PNG and globally; factors contributing to high infant mortality rates; and the interventions that are required to reduce mortality among the children.

HE 219

HE 219 Medicine 1 - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students learn about medical problems of adults in PNG and abroad. They discuss basic techniques in history taking, examination, diagnosis and treatment of patients. Students systemically examine the pathology of common medical problems in PNG such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, malaria, HIV/AIDS and other life style diseases of an immerging affluent society of PNG; and explore the processes of diseases observable either with naked eyes or by microscopy as inferred from biochemical tests.

HE 220

HE 220 Obstetrics adn Gynecology 1 - 8 Credit Points

In this unit, students explore the physiological process of conception and describe changes that occur during different stages of pregnancy, labour, child birth and the post natal period. Students study female reproductive organs, the structure of the female pelvis, the physiology of normal pregnancy, the rationale for prenatal care, intra partum care, postpartum care, pregnancy and co-existing diseases such as HIV infections. They analyse the four pillars of safe motherhood, namely; antenatal care, family planning, supervised delivery; and reflect on normal and abnormal situations relative to reproductive health in PNG.

HE 221

HE 221 Surgery 1 and Anaesthesia 1 - 8 Credit Points

Surgery is the branch of medicine that deals with diseases and conditions treated by operation or manipulation. In this unit, students explore the fundamentals of surgery and the management of common surgical problems in PNG. They discuss the diagnosis of common surgical problems in PNG and apply critical thinking in assessing the condition of a patient especially when formulating the management plan.

HE 222

HE 222 Accident and Emergency 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit in the rural PNG context is designed to equip future Health Extension Officers with the knowledge and skills in the triaging and fundamental basics of managing in a competent manner those that are critically ill and injured. The emphasis is on the techniques in the execution of life saving management protocols in a rural facility where desirable equipment and expertise are minimal or not available.

HE 307

HE 307 Clinical Accident and Emergency - 16 Credit  Points

Students cover this unit by doing seven weeks of fulltime clinical practical (working hours, after hours and weekends) doing clinical observations and supervised practical experiences in the accidents and emergency section of Modilon Hospital. The rotation is supplemented with tutorials and lectures. The unit is delivered in the Rural PNG context; designed to equip Health Extension students the knowledge and skills in the triaging and the basics in managing patients with specific emphasis on the stabilization and referral of the critically ill and injured.

HE 308

HE 308 Clinical Pediatrics - 16 Credit Points

Students cover this unit by doing seven weeks of fulltime clinical practical (working hours, after hours and weekends) doing clinical observations and supervised practical experiences in the accidents and emergency section of Modilon Hospital. The rotation is supplemented with tutorials and lectures. The unit is delivered in the Rural PNG context; designed to equip Health Extension students the knowledge and skills in the triaging and the basics in managing patients. In this discipline student are rotated to the children out patients and the neonatal ward in order to get a exposure to the sort of work load faced and the challenges of running MCH clinics.

HE 309

HE 309 Clinical Medicine - 16 Credit Points

Students cover this unit by doing seven weeks of fulltime clinical practical (working hours, after hours and weekends) doing clinical observations and supervised practical experiences in the accidents and emergency section of Modilon Hospital. The rotation is supplemented with tutorials and lectures. The unit is delivered in the Rural PNG context; designed to equip Health Extension students the knowledge and skills in the triaging and the basics in managing patients. The changing pattern of disease is very much seen at the Medical Ward. This is when student appreciate the management of important infectious diseases such as Tuberculosis and HIV as well as the lifestyle disease in particular diabetes which is becoming very common.

HE 310

HE 310 Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology - 16 Credit Points

Students cover this unit by doing seven weeks of fulltime clinical practical (working hours, after hours and weekends) clinical observations and supervised practical experiences in the accidents and emergency section of Modilon Hospital. This is supplemented with tutorial and lecturers. The unit deals with all aspects of Obstetrics which ensures that a healthy mother delivers a healthy baby without complications and problems. It ensures that the reproductive health of women of all ages is maintained. In this unit the students are exposed to the theoretical and the practical component of learning about diseases and problems related to the reproductive system at any stage of their reproductive ages.

HE 311

HE 311 Clinical Surgery - 16 Credit Points

Students cover this unit by doing seven weeks of fulltime clinical practical (working hours, after hours and weekends) doing clinical observations and supervised practical experiences in the accidents and emergency section of Modilon Hospital. The rotation is supplemented with tutorials and lectures. The unit is delivered in the Rural PNG context; designed to equip Health Extension students the knowledge and skills in the triaging and the basics in managing patients with specific emphasis on the stabilization and referral of the critically ill and injured. During the rotation the students are also exposed to important orthopedic conditions and are given limited exposure to surgical procedures.

HE 319

HE 319 Environmental Sanitation - 10 Credit Points

This unit introduces the student to the impact the environment has on the life style of communities. It places an emphasis on environmental health promotion and its application within rural communities. This unit deals with systematic process, designed to identify, analyze and evaluate the environmental effects of community activities on the health of a community. Students explore competencies needed to ensure that project activities safeguard, promote and do not risk the health and safety of communities.

HM 406

HM 406 Health Service Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit explores the efficient and sustained utilization of the human, physical, material and fiscal resources of health service delivery in line with the identified needs of the population. Students consider skills to effectively implement health activities through the use of strategic management plans for health services; use quality management tools to assist the implementation of health activities; improve health service delivery by using information from health services; and undertake a process evaluation. Implementation activities include organizing resources, leadership for action, and controlling the implementation process.

HE 407

HE 407 PNG Rural Health Project Management - 10 Credit Points

Students undertaking this unit gain knowledge and skills to manage a rural health project in Papua New Guinea. This involves project planning, designing, monitoring and evaluating. Students are able to explain the nature of a project as a sequence of unique, complex and connected activities that have one goal or purpose and that must be completed by a specific time, within budget, and according to specification. Concepts to be considered and applied to health projects include: leadership, management, change, projects, vision, communication, team building, motivation, influencing, problem solving, decision making, cultural awareness, control, negotiation, managing meetings, ethics and social awareness. Students discuss health projects that have created a unique product, service or result and the social, economic, technological, aesthetic or environmental change that resulted. They explore case studies of projects and identify factors contributing to success or failure.

HE 408

HE 408 Research Project - 10 Credit Points

During lectures on campus in their final semester, students prepare a proposal for a research project that they will undertake during the following ten weeks of practical experience in rural clinical settings. Students identify an issue to explore, construct questions to underpin the study, review literature related to their chosen topic, describe the context in which the project will be implemented, select a sample of participants, develop a data gathering instrument, identify ethical considerations  and gain approval from their lecturer to implement their proposed research study. They then proceed to their field placements in urban and rural health centres, gather data, record and display results, analyze and interpret the findings and prepare a report.

HE 317

HE 317 Rural Clinical Placement - 8 Credit Points

Students are placed in health facilities where, under supervision, they conduct history taking, examine, diagnose, treat and manage patients competently and skillfully. They are also actively involved in these health facilities to ensure that proper clinical care is provided which includes participation in preventive and promotive health programs and referral of patients to appropriate higher level facilities in provincial hospitals if they require specialized treatment.

HE 318

HE 318 Community Health Practice - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students study the way communities live in their villages and the various cultural, environmental, economic, social, physical and political factors that impact upon community life style. They analyze and synthesize the conceptual basis of health extension work applicable to health extension professionals. Students are taught how to conduct community diagnoses and make inquiries into health needs applicable to community health practices. Using a systems approach, students apply principles of planning, management and evaluation in developing viable community health plans in collaboration with community, government and non-government organizations and with policy makers.

HE 320

HE 320 Family Health Service - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students explore preventive health interventions to address the health needs of mothers and children. Most childhood and maternal health conditions are preventable and treatable using available best practices and low cost technologies. They explore the effect of the local cultural and economic practices on the wellbeing of mothers and children and the community at large; and discuss the provision of health information on such issues as good nutrition, hygiene, sanitation, through primary health care services and deliberate on reproductive health, and provision of quality neonatal care and safe motherhood.

HE 406

HE 406 Clinical Log Book Assessment - 8 Credit Points

Each student is expected to fill in a logbook for all clinical and on-call attendances. To graduate a student needs to have undertaken a certain number of the procedures prescribed in his/her logbook. This unit provides students with practical field experiences required by continuing clinical rotation in major disciplines of internal medicine, paediatrics, obstetrics, gynaecology and surgery. The student will be rostered for clinical duties and on-calls.

HE 401

HE 401 Epidemiology 2 - 8 Credit Points

This unit covers some basic concepts in probability and statistics used in epidemiology and demonstrates their fundamental importance in public health practice in the identification, control and prevention of illness in the community. The students demonstrate their understanding of the epidemiology of common PNG infectious diseases and epidemiology of major chronic diseases in PNG. (HIV/AIDS, TB, Malaria).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bachelor of Environmental Health


Program Description

The Environmental Health Program is a multi disciplinary course for all Environmental Health Professionals in the public and private sectors. The programs trains students to become specialists in various environmental health fields such as environmental health scientific officers, health promotion and education, occupational health and safety, waste management, food quality control, environment and sustainable development, pollution control, vector control and pest control, water and sanitation and health quarantine. The important role of a graduate of this course is to prevent diseases and illness in population that may arise through defective environments and community settings.

The Bachelor of Environmental Health is designed to develop students to achieve their full potential in their knowledge of environmental health as well as their skills in solving EH problems and their attitude and behaviour towards the people and communities they serve.

The course promotes cognitive, research and analytical skills as well as problem solving skills. The basic Environmental Health units include: Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Environmental Microbiology, Health Communication, Health Law and Prosecution, Waste Management, Infectious and Life Style Diseases, , Water Resources Management, Vector Control Measures and Quarantine, Food and Nutrition, Occupational Health and Safety, Health Promotion and Education, Civil and Disaster Management, Environmental Health and Project Management, Environmental Health Impact and Risk Assessment,  Environmental Toxicology, Environmental Health Research, Environmental Psychology, Food Safety Monitoring and Assessment, Environmental Pollution and Sustainable Development.



Duration of Study

The program is a four year program of full-time study leading to the award of the Bachelor of Environmental Health (BEH). The program is divided into four main areas of study: Basic Sciences, Public Health and Epidemiology, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, and Environmental Health laws and Management.





Study mode and Location

Full time on Campus, Divine Word University, Madang



Requisites to complete the award

Achievement of 320 credit points or 40 credit points each semester.




Entry requirements

School Leavers must have gained a minimum of “B” grades in English, Mathematics and Science subjects (Biology, Chemistry and Physics) at grade 12 levels.


    
Units Offered

Year One

EH 118 Chemistry 1

EH 121 Introduction to Human Biology

EH 115 Management Principles

IS 117 End-User Computing and Word Processing

RS 234 Christian Ethics

EH 114 Physics

EH 116 Health Communication

EH 117 Plant Biology and Microbiology

EH 119 Chemistry II

HE 124 Human Structure and Functions

 

Year Two


EH 215 Environmental Microbiology

EH 217 Professional Ethics for Environmental Health

EH 220 Building and Housing Environment

EH 221 Infectious and Life Style Diseases

EH 222 Liquid Waste Management

EH 213 Food and Nutrition

EH 214 Water Resources Management I

EH 218 Vector Control and Quarantine

EH 223 Solid Waste Management

EH 224 Health Promotion and Education

Year Three

EH 306 Occupational Health and Safety I

EH 307 Civil and Disaster Management

EH 312 Public Health Law II

HM 301 Biostatistics and Epidemiology

EH 310 Occupational Health and Safety II

EH 311 Water Resources Management II

EH 314 Food Safety Assessment and Management  

HM 303 Research Methods

Year Four

EH 308 Environmental Health Impact and Risk Assessment

EH 405 Environmental Health Research I

EH 406 Environmental Health Management

EH 407 Environmental Toxicology

EH 408 Environmental Health Research II

EH 409 Environmental Psychology

EH 410 Air and Noise Assessment & Control

EH 411 Environment and Sustainable Development

 

Reserve Units

EH 216 Public Health Law I

EH 219 Public Health Engineering

EH 305 Health Promotion


Program Unit Descriptions

EH 118

EH 118 Chemistry 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides the elementary principles of physical and organic chemistry as foundation for other studies of science. The students demonstrate understanding of quantitative analytical methods, the physical chemistry of aqueous solutions, qualitative analysis and organic chemistry.

HE 121

HE 121 Introduction to Human Biology - 8 Credit Points

In this unit, students gain knowledge of human biology. Students examine the cell structure and function as the basis of life; the cell membrane and its function as a basis of cell integrity; how cells form into organized and specialized tissues and/or organs; cell division involving meiosis and mitosis and the mechanisms controlling cell divisions; body cavities and their importance; body fluids including body water and different cellular compartments; body metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fats that provide energy to cell functions while noting the basis of disorders such as diabetes mellitus; and homeostasis; and knowledge of vital signs of what is normal and what is abnormal.

BS 115

BS 115 Management Principles - 8 Credit Points

This unit serves as an introduction to the principle and practices of management and the role of managers. The unit will mainly evolve around the basic functions of managers, specifically planning, organising, leading and controlling. Apart from providing the students with the beginning level of understanding management principles, PNG case studies will analysed using various and appropriate strategies and techniques base on relevant principles and theories.

IS 117

IS 117 End - User Computing and Word Processing - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an introduction to the PC including its structure and place in the home or small office environment. It seeks to develop basic computer literacy and typing skills. Included is an understanding and facility with the use of a graphical user interface. Students are also provided with skills to use an Office suite of software, email, Internet and an intranet. Word Processing is an essential skill in the home and the small office and for student assignment writing. Students are given a comprehensive introduction to the basics of text formatting using word processing software.

RS 234

RS 234 Christian Ethics - 8 Credit Points

Ethics is a systematic, critical study concerned with the evaluation of human conduct to help male decisions about the future. It is concerned about what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do, not just what is the case or what is most acceptable or expedient. Christian ethics is the critical evaluation of human conduct from a Christian perspective. In this course, students will explore the understanding, sources and importance of ethics in everybody’s personal and professional life.

EH 114

EH 114 Physics - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with the basic knowledge on abiotic factors that impinged on the health of the natural environment and human health and the ecosystem as a whole. The topic covers the principles of heat; temperature; electro-magnetic waves; light, half-life of chemical; the different forms for radiation as some of the topics that influence the overall health of the ecosystem; human health; and the environment. This unit integrates other environmental units taught across the faculty.

EH 116

EH 116 Health Communication - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an overview of various theoretical aspects contributing to health communication and education strategies. Students will become familiar with some of the factors that contribute to people changing their beliefs and attitudes that may lead to better health in individuals and communities. This unit will consider principles for successful communication including involvement of targeted audience, multifaceted strategies, design features, and basic steps involve in planning a strategy. The importance of partnership, consultation and evaluation is emphasised.

EH 117

EH 117 Plant Biology and Microbiology - 8 Credit  Points

In this unit, students explore the diversity of animals, plants and micro-organisms. Emphasis is placed on biological diversity, evolution, the relationship between structure and function in selected groups of organisms, how organisms are adapted to their environment and how organisms interact with one another. This topic is designed for environmental health students.

EH 119

EH 119 Chemistry II - 8 Credit Points

This unit extends learning in Chemistry 1 and relates it to practical aspects of chemistry in the field of environmental health, for example occupational health and safety or public health protection. The students demonstrate skills in the preparation and applications of properties and hazards associated with some organic substances that have major uses in industry. It provides an introduction to the principles of sampling and the analytical methods in occupational health, food, and water and air analysis. Also, the principles of the corrosion of metals are taught.

HE 124

HE 124 Human Structure and Functions - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with general knowledge of structure (anatomy) and functions (physiology) of the human body. Students are able to distinguish the normal structures and functions of a human body from a diseased state of a human body. They examine changes that occur in the normal structures and functions of the human body; and reflect on the importance of this knowledge as a prelude to their studies in medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology.

EH 215

EH 215 Environmental Microbiology - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides a comprehensive coverage of public health microbiology, including food, water and soil microbiology, environmental hygiene, control of microbial growth and industrial microbiology. Students discuss microbiological culture techniques, soil microbiology, composting, bioremediation and biofilms. Other areas include microbial flora in foods, food spoilage, and food poisoning organisms. Students gain a firsthand experience of being a practicing microbiologist. Research skills and reviewing of current scientific journal articles is strongly recommended during the length of course. Students explore aspects of microbiology through field trips, mock disease outbreak investigations, lectures, and performing laboratory work.

 

EH 217

EH 217 Professional Ethics for Environmental Helath - 8 Credit Points

In this unit, students explore professional ethics of environmental health officers as they deal with legal, administrative, technical and partnership issues at different levels of the community. Students discuss a variety of contexts from villages in the rural environment to the urban (towns and cities), to the Non-Government Organization and private sectors. Students consider the importance of professional ethics and how to improve and maintain professional balance and status. Quality of professional ethics not only raises professional standards but also boosts the confidence of clients in the Government’s environmental standards stipulated in the environmental health laws.

EH 220

EH 220 Building and Housing Environment - 8 Credit Points

This unit deals with housing and links human physical and psychosocial needs, environmental and technical issues and design aspects for the effective provision of safe and healthy buildings and housing. It introduces students to the basic interpretation of appropriate housing plans, design and construction as detailed in the building code of PNG. The unit assists students to understand the principles of the cultural and social standards of housing in rural communities, and physics in the contexts of environmental health and housing. Students demonstrate the relationships between building development and the role of the environmental health professional.

EH 221

EH 221 Infectious and Life Style Diseases - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students differentiate the types of illnesses categorized as Communicable (Infectious) and Non-Communicable (Life-Style) diseases in Public Health. They analyse the burden of these diseases and conditions as they affect health and life in PNG as well as internationally. Students examine the changing pattern of diseases in the population groups and explore various methods or procedures on how to prevent and control these diseases from a public health, environmental, technical and cultural aspects. Students assess ways to promote stakeholder engagement and partnerships.

EH 222

EH 222 Liquid Waste Management - 8 Credit Points

In this unit students explore the various liquid and sewerage disposal principles, systems and practices internationally and locally. They analyse international literature and construct the differences in management and technology for domestic (private) and communal (public) systems. With the focus on PNG, students examine and compare the characteristics of the most appropriate liquid wastes disposal systems for urban and rural settings. Appropriate legislative requirements in the Public Health Act, Building Act, Environment Planning Act and Physical Planning Act are also studied.

EH 213

EH 213 Food and Nutrition - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with a basic understanding of nutrition which can be applied to their everyday lives and future professional careers. It introduces students to principles of food composition, food processing and preservation, the relationship between food and health and the health promotion strategies related to nutrition. This basic knowledge on nutrition equips the student with the background knowledge in order to facilitate community nutrition programs.

EH 214

EH 214 Water Resources Management 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit introduces to the students the common rural water supply schemes focusing on feasibility and sanitary survey. In addition, the unit discusses the procedures involved in water supply survey, design, and construction integrating the five principles of the Ottawa Charter. The administration of water supply project development and sustainability issues is also discussed from the National, Provincial, and District Health Services including various stakeholders of interest. Students demonstrate the practical skills required to conduct sanitary and feasibility surveys of potential water supply sources.

EH 218

EH 218 Vector Control and Quarantine - 8 Credit Points

This unit teaches the theoretical and practical application of the various vector control measures and diseases controlled by quarantine. Students gain an understanding of insect vectors and the diseases of public health significance that are transmitted in PNG. Students examine the impact and cost-effectiveness of the various control measures including the biological, chemical, physical and environmental aspects for community and personal protection. With international travel, there is always a risk that new and serious diseases could enter PNG, it is therefore necessary that students know of quarantine regulations nationally and internationally.

EH 223

EH 223 Solid Waste Management - 8 Credit Points

Engineering has played an important role in public and environmental health, specifically in the areas of safe water, clean air, and safe waste disposal. This topic covers the basic principles of civil and mechanical engineering as they apply to environmental health. This unit will be solid waste management strategies and principles for domestic, commercial and industrial waste. They will analyse the various methods for storage, collection, transportation and disposal of the different types of wastes. It will further highlight the importance of safe handling and management of different waste to safeguard public health. The students will also conduct a detailed study of the sanitary landfill, composting, incineration and recycling processes in Madang town. The PNG legislation requirements and standard code of practise will also be studied.

EH 224

EH 224 Health Promotion and Education - 8 Credit Points

The unite introduces the historical development of health promotion as a public health measure to promote wellbeing in individuals and populations with a particular focus on developments since the Ottawa charter, Jakarta declaration and the Bangkok charter. Medical, behavioural and socio environmental approaches will be explored and examined with recognition that there is a continuum of health promotion practice that requires multiple interventions to make a difference. The students will develop knowledge in the practice of health promotion that reflects cultural considerations and community aspirations. The students will also understand the importance of theory and its links to practice of technical subjects. The students will be introduce to key concepts of health promotion practice, including needs assessment, planning and evaluation to provide the foundation for practice and more in-depth study in these areas as the course progresses. As this is a practical unit, the students will usually be required to work with a community organisation to implement their program.

EH 306

EH 306 Occupational Health and Safety II - 10 Credit Points

Occupational health and safety is a broadly based review of the nature of hazards in the occupational environment and how the risks of injury or disease as a result of exposure to these hazards may be minimised. Students discuss a wide range of occupational illnesses such those affecting the respiratory system, nervous system, kidney, reproductive system, musculoskeletal system and occupational cancer. This unit places specific emphasis on competencies needed to improve safe working practices and a safe and healthy environment, while maintaining and optimising opportunities for employment and productivity.

EH 307

EH 307 Civil and Disaster Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit introduces the nature of hazards and the concepts of risk assessment and management of natural and man made disasters. Causes, characteristics and effects of natural and environmental hazards are assessed. Different warning and mitigation and control strategies of hazard preparedness and reduction are analysed. Various types of natural and environmental hazards are explored covering geophysical hazards eg (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, and landslides), climate or meteorological hazards (tropical storms, cyclones, droughts, floods and frosts), technological hazards both chemical and biological, and human hazards (disease epidemics including HIV/AIDS).

EH 312

EH 312 Public Health Law II - 10 Credit Points

This unit builds on students’ knowledge of PNG legal and governance systems and integrates students’ understanding of environmental health and law, legislative and management tools for the control of public health nuisances and other statutory responsibilities in different settings. The prosecution process and gathering of evidence are discussed along with a detail discussion on the environmental health practitioners’ role under the Public Health Act, Environmental Protection Act and other related legislation.

HM 301

HM 301 Biostatistics and Epidemiology - 10 Credit Points

The unit is introduces students to basic statistical procedures and concepts in relation to health management. Students study biostatistical concepts and procedures that they require in their study of epidemiology. Students develop the knowledge and skills to work with abstract data, concepts and raw materials, and frame appropriate questions to achieve a solution or range of solutions to a problem.

EH 310

EH 310 Occupational Health and Safety II - 10 Credit Points

This second unit in Occupational Health and Safety explores the hierarchy of controls in the workplace settings. The fast growth industries especially manufacturing industries, mining and forestry pose a thread to the local workers. Many employees are exposed to physical, biological, and chemical hazards because many companies and employers do not provide protective garments to prevent them from getting occupational diseases or injuries. Students assess some workplace practices in Madang and apply their knowledge to prevent and manage risks using various control mechanisms.

EH 311

EH 311 Water Resources Management II - 10 Credit Points

The unit provides the knowledge and practical skills required to monitor, collect water supply samples, and analyse and interpret results to improve and maintain the quality of water supply provided to the people in a community. The unit focuses on the factors that directly or indirectly cause stress to the health of the drinking water source, raw water sources, and recreational water sources which affect the overall health of the water. This includes microbiological, chemical, and aesthetic parameters. Health aspects of water chemistry are explored. Structural and managerial solutions are discussed.

EH 314

EH 314 Food Safety Assessment and Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit provides comprehensive knowledge of food, particularly food safety. The unit focuses on food microbiology, food hygiene, the application of the hazard analysis critical control point, design and construction of food establishments, food processing and preservation, food standards code and the food sanitation act and regulations.

EH 303

HM 303 Resource Methods - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers theories of qualitative and quantitative research, and research methodology from the setting up and execution of research projects, through definition of research problems, selection of research objectives, project design, data analysis and presentation of results. The unit helps students to get started in research and identifies the basic steps in research design, that is, the way a research idea is translated into a feasible research proposal and the steps that must be taken thereafter to implement the proposed study. The unit culminates in student presentations of manageable research proposals.

EH 308

EH 308 Environmental Health Impact and Risk Assessment - 10 Credit Points

This unit introduces students to techniques and methodology forf conducting investigative studies to assess environmental impacts on health. This unit deals with systematic process, designed to identify, analyze and evaluate the environmental effects of a project on health in a public and participatory manner. Strategic environmental assessment is introduced, as are a wide range of environmental management tools including: risk assessment, environment reporting, economic instruments, codes of conduct and best practice, ISO 14000, life cycle analysis, environmental auditing, public disclosure, public environmental reporting and conflict resolution.

EH 405

EH 405 Environmental Health Research I -10 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ research skills through individual project work. Students develop a research question relevant to environmental health, plan and conduct a research program to investigate the problem taking into consideration scientific, social and legal aspects. Topics covered include preparation of questionnaires for ethics approval, preparation of a research proposal; and literature review. The unit develops students’ research skills as appropriate to environmental health. The unit emphasises self-directed learning by enabling the student to determine the research topic and approach.

EH 406

EH 406 Environmental Health Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit develops management skills for rural and urban activities of environmental health officers in relation to national health policy directives. Some of the activities includes: water, food, quarantine, sanitation, environmental health impact assessment, occupational health, housing, sustainable development, vector control, health promotion, environmental health component of the affected environment and populations of disasters. Both modern and traditional techniques for resource management are explored. Methodologies for resources, program/activity planning and management of specific resources for sustainable use are outlined.

EH 407

EH 407 Environmental Toxicology - 10 Credit Points

Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms including humans. Students explore factors in the environment that exert a harmful effect on human health and the quality of life. Students learn basic toxicology terminologies and their definitions, dose-response relationships, processes involved in producing harmful effects, and the dynamics and kinetics of xenobiotics (toxicants, toxins, poisons etc) including exposure routes. Students are taught methods of monitoring and assessing human populations at risk. The process of toxicant absorption, circulation, metabolic pathways, reabsorption and accumulation of toxicants and its elimination are discussed. Ethical issues are discussed.

EH 408

EH 408 Environmental Health Research II - 10 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ research skills in environmental health through individual project work. Students develop a research question relevant to an environmental health issue, plan and conduct a research project, taking into consideration scientific, social and legal aspects. The unit covers research methodology; data collection and analysis; and presentation of research findings. This unit and EH405 Environmental Health Research 1 are taught and assessed as a continuum. Students must enrol in both topics in the same academic year. The unit emphasises self-directed learning by enabling the student to determine the research topic and approach.

EH 409

EH 409 Environmental Psychology - 10 Credit Points

The study of human behaviour and the factors operating in the social and cultural environment which affect behaviour are explored. Areas studied include; motivation, attitude formation and change; social learning and perception and relations; cultural influences; group influences; conformity and persuasion; decision making; risk and social psychological aspects of environmental health.

EH 410

EH 410 Air and Noise Assessment Control - 10 Credit Points

This unit provides theoretical and practical studies of environmental noise and air pollution commensurate with the role of environmental health professionals. Students are exposed to the various definitions and types and classifications of environmental noise and air pollutants and the impacts on human health. Methodologies for environmental noise and air pollution measurement and assessment are outlined. Students do field surveys and investigations and consolidate their findings with laboratory sessions and internet search. Students critique the PNG Environment Protection Act and other related laws.

EH 411

EH 411 Environment and Sustainable Development - 10 Credit Points

This unit introduces students to environmental science and the important concept of sustainable development at village, national and international levels; and from different perspectives of different disciplines: ecological, social, economic and political. Students explore the purpose of environmental policies and issues of governance in Papua New Guinea relating to environmental management and resource planning, development regulation and biodiversity conservation. Students study the environment policies in Australasia and the Pacific including environmental policies promoted by international agencies, both bilateral and multilateral and regional policies of the South Pacific Regional Environment Program.

EH 216

EH 216 Public Health Law I - 8 Credit Points

The unit examines the framework of the PNG legal system. Some of the components of this unit include the PNG constitution, the criminal code, contract law, the law of torts, the organic law and divisions of law. The unit provides students with an understanding of how the laws are made, enforced and executed. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of the courts in health policy development and health protection aspects. Students study and practice the court prosecution procedures and other elements associated with courts in PNG that deal with health and environmental issues.

EH 219

EH 219 Public Health Engineering - 8 Credit Points

Engineering has played an important role in public and environmental health, specifically in the areas of safe water, clean air, and safe waste disposal. This topic covers principles of civil and mechanical engineering as they apply to environmental health. This unit has two parts. First, the students explore solid waste management strategies and principles for domestic, commercial and industrial waste. The second part enables the students to compare and contrast the various excreta disposal methods appropriate to the cultural, geographical, social and economic status of communities in PNG. The PNG legislation requirements and standard code of practice are studied.

EH 305

EH 305 Health Promotion - 10 Credit Points

The unit introduces the historical development of health promotion as a public health measure to promote wellbeing in individuals and populations. Medical, behavioural and socio-environmental approaches are explored with recognition that there is a continuum of health promotion practices that require multiple interventions to make a difference. Students develop knowledge in the practice of health promotion that reflects cultural considerations and community aspirations. Students link theories of health promotion with practice and are required to work with a community organisation to implement a health promotion program.