Bachelor of Health Management

Program Description

The Health Management program is designed to graduate managers or supervisors working in administrative or clinical positions in the National Department of Health or at provincial, district, hospital or other facility level. They need knowledge, skills and attitudes, not only to meet the challenges of today, but also to take a central role in designing the future of health care in PNG.


Duration of Study

The Bachelor of Health Management degree program requires four years of full-time study. Students enroll in the degree program but may choose to exit after the first two years with a Diploma in Health Management.


Study Mode and Location

Full time on Campus, Divine Word University, Madang


Requisites to complete the award

Achievement of 320 credit points or 40 credit points each semester.


Entry Requirement

Minimum of ‘C’ in Grade 12 English and mathematics, or health care practitioners with years of work experience in management.



Units Offered

Year One

HM 101 Health Care Systems

BS 114 Accounting Fundamentals 1   

BS 115 Management Principles

IS 117 End-User Computing and Word Processing 

RS 234 Christian Ethics

HM 102 Critical Thinking 

HM 103 Society, Culture and Health   

HM 104 Community Development

HM 105 Health Management Communication

RS 244 Social and Ethical Issues

 

Year Two

HM 201 Busines Writing

HM 202 Resource Managment 1

HM 203 Professional Ethics in Health

HM 205 Organizational Behaviour

IS 113 Introduction to Spread Sheet Management

HM 204 Public Finance and Budgeting

HM 206 Legal Issues in Health Management

BS 317 Human Resource Management

IS 115 Introduction to Database Management

Year Three

HM 301 Biostatistics and Epidemiology

HM 302 Microeconomics  

HM 303 Research Methods

BS 312 Financial Management  

HM 304 Health Information Management

HM 305 Health Policy

HM 306 Health Economics

HM 307 Resource Management 2   

Year Four

HM 402 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 1   

HM 403 Working with the Media

HM 404 Project Planning and Design

HM 407 Health System Research

HM 401 Quality Management

HM 405 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 2

HM 406 Health Services Management

HM 408 Project Monitoring and Evaluation

Program Unit Descriptions

HM 101

HM 101 Health Care Systems- 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an overview of organizational arrangements for provision and financing of healthcare services in PNG. The focus is on major issues in the organization of the PNG health services system: role of values; assessment of health status; analysis of need, access and use of services; current supply and distribution of health resources; private and public financing of health services; government regulation; and system reform. The unit also compares and contrasts the PNG health system with health systems generally.

BS 114

BS 114 Accounting Fundamentals 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit is about the nature and purpose of accounting as well as the methods and technical skills necessary to manage basic accounting procedures. The unit will acquaint the students with the methods and techniques of recording, classifying, summarising and presenting financial information on the computer.

BS 115

BS 115 Management Principles - 8 Credit Points

This unit serves as an introduction to the principle and practices of management and the role of managers. The unit will mainly evolve around the basic functions of managers, specifically planning, organising, leading and controlling. Apart from providing the students with the beginning level of understanding management principles, PNG case studies will analysed using various and appropriate strategies and techniques base on relevant principles and theories.

IS 117

IS 117 End - User Computing and Word Processing - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an introduction to the PC including its structure and place in the home or small office environment. It seeks to develop basic computer literacy and typing skills. Included is an understanding and facility with the use of a graphical user interface. Students are also provided with skills to use an Office suite of software, email, Internet and an intranet. Word Processing is an essential skill in the home and the small office and for student assignment writing. Students are given a comprehensive introduction to the basics of text formatting using word processing software.

RS 234

RS 234 Christian Ethics - 8 Credit Points

Ethics is a systematic, critical study concerned with the evaluation of human conduct to help male decisions about the future. It is concerned about what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do, not just what is the case or what is most acceptable or expedient. Christian ethics is the critical evaluation of human conduct from a Christian perspective. In this course, students will explore the understanding, sources and importance of ethics in everybody’s personal and professional life.

HM 102

HM 102 Critical Thinking - 8 Credit Points

This unit encourages students to reflect on their thinking and provides basic skills to improve thinking. Thinking skills include sorting of information, consideration of priorities, setting objectives and accounting for other people’s views and so on. Descriptive thinking is not enough. This unit utilises many of the exercises designed by Edward de Bono, as well as exercises in logic and critical thinking drawn from philosophy, to encourage students to think laterally, deeply, logically and critically.

HM 103

HM 103 Society, Culture and Health - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores how cultural beliefs, customs and practices relate to health issues, and implications for health management practices. It provides students with ethnographic information to adapt health protocols to a PNG setting. Students examine the sociocultural context of disease, its identification, treatment and experience, and the way in which communities respond to illnesses in their midst. They investigate the commonly held but contradictory assumptions about biology, epidemiology, causation and gender roles and the way in which these contradictions often result in the obstruction of both local and introduced strategies.

HM 104

HM 104 Community Development - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores the relationship between health and community development. Students discuss how human behaviour and the environment influence health and the provision of community health, public health, primary health care and health promotion in PNG. Concepts of demography and epidemiology are introduced. Students understand the impact of the Ottawa Charter in 1986, on health provision that best serves the needs of the population. They examine the importance of intervention strategies within the context of public health, health promotion, primary care and community care. Strategies to address HIV/AIDS in PNG are considered.

HM 105

HM 105 Health Management Communication - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides an overview of various theoretical aspects contributing to effective communication and education strategies in health management. Students become familiar with some of the factors that contribute to people changing their beliefs and attitudes that may lead to better health management by individuals and communities. Students consider principles for successful communication including involvement of targeted audience, multifaceted strategies, design features, and basic steps involved in planning a strategy. Students consider how culturally appropriate information can be targeted to specific groups via specialist publications, television, leaflets, posters, booklets, CDs, and so on. Students will also have an opportunity to develop basic skills in working face-to-face with groups. The importance of partnership, consultation and evaluation are emphasised.

RS 244

RS 244 Social and Ethical Issues - 8 Credit Points

In this unit, students explore a range of social and ethical issues in Papua New Guinea today. This study includes an in-depth examination of the various contemporary social and ethical issues like abortion, domestic violence, rape, settlements and evictions, etc. Thus, by eliciting Christian insights into the social and ethical questions of the day, the unit will better equip students to contribute to the common good in whatever profession they choose.

HM 201

HM 201 Business Writing - 8 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ knowledge and skills to write clear, concise, relevant and effective business correspondence. Students engage with practical writing assignments each week to demonstrate techniques in business writing and overall language development. Sample health sector correspondence is used to develop students’ familiarity with the requirements of the health sector. Students develop skills to structure and communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions, accurately and reliably, in a written format suitable for specialist and non-specialist audiences.

HM 202

HM 202 Resource Management 1 - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides the knowledge and skills to promote efficient and sustained utilization of the physical and material resources of health service delivery. Students explore key concepts of resource management, with a focus on medical supply management. They develop competencies in store keeping according to accepted norms, stock control, conducting inventories, and forecasting to ensure an optimum supply/demand balance that prevents shortages and excess supplies, and wastage due to expiry.

HM 203

HM 203 Professional Behaviour - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides global and Melanesian perspectives on moral and ethical issues affecting health workers and the people encounter. Topics may include choices people make about euthanasia, contraceptives, abortion, test tubes babies, surrogate mothers, organ donation, stem cell research, pornography, domestic violence, rape and experimental research on humans. The unit places value on the sacredness of the family, what the Bible says about life and the right to life. Studies strengthen students’ personal moral and ethical values and actions.

HM 205

HM 205 Organisational Behaviour - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with the knowledge and skills for understanding and effectively managing individuals and groups within health care organizations. The unit explores the theories, structure and processes of communication in organizations. It focuses on communication competency as the heart of organizational change and effectiveness, and addresses the nature of that competency at individual, group, and organization-wide levels. Students learn techniques for persuasive communication, conflict, and change management. They develop strategies and counselling skills for promoting teamwork and dealing with interpersonal problems in an organizational setting.

IS 113

IS 113 Introduction to Spreadsheet Management - 8 Credit Points

Electronic spreadsheets now replace hand-written financial record keeping and calculating in the small or home office environment. As well the typical ‘what-if’ analysis feature of spreadsheets facilitates decision-making. Skills in spreadsheets management are, therefore, essential for those entering the business world. With a commonly used software application this skills-based unit students are introduced to the fundamental principles and practical skills required to produce accurate calculations in worksheets with a professional appearance.

HM 204

HM 204 Public Finance and Budgeting - 8 Credit Points

This unit provides students with the understanding of the basic concepts and principles of public finance as well as the guidelines in the preparation of budgets. Students examine how health services of PNG are funded including HSIP funding. They consider how government economic decisions affect the type of health services that are delivered, funded and who receives those services. Students acquire the skills to prepare and understand institutional and departmental budgets.

HM 206

HM 206 Legal Issues in Health Management - 8 Credit Points

This unit explores the PNG legal system and its implications for healthcare provision. Some components of the unit are the PNG constitution, the criminal code, contract law, the law of torts, the organic law and divisions of law. The unit provides students with an understanding of legal issues that influence health management practices. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of the courts in health policy development and health care delivery. While the unit will focus on PNG law, references will be made to aspects of foreign legal issues in health management.

BS 216

BS 216 Cost Accounting 1 - 8 Credit Points

The unit introduces students to the various cost concepts and explores the different cost accumulation procedures. Job order and process costing are explored and applied on business concerns, on service organisations such as health care organizations and hotel services. The first part of the unit covers the costs, its concepts and objectives, its vital role in management planning, organising and control. The second part probes in detail the cost elements and its accumulation under job order costing and inventory valuation.

BS 317

BS 317 Human Resource Management - 10 Credit Points

The unit introduces students to the functions and practice of Human Resource Management (HRM) in organisations seeking to deliver quality service and achieve performance improvement. The unit will explore the relevance and adaptation of HRM concepts in the context of work and culture in Papua New Guinea companies.

IS 115

IS 115 Introduction to Database Management - 8 Credit Points

Database systems are foundational examples of Information Systems. They are required in all office environments where data on such items as staff, clients and stock need to be recorded and retrieved. This unit introduces database management with a commonly used relational database management system where data is organised in a logical and orderly way using fields and records in creating tables. Tables are organised and linked and then queried to search and manipulate records. There is focus also on activities with business applications such as personnel, inventory, and financial record management.

HM 301

HM 301 Biostatistics and Epidemiology - 10 Credit Points

The unit is introduces students to basic statistical procedures and concepts in relation to health management. Students study biostatistical concepts and procedures that they require in their study of epidemiology. Students develop the knowledge and skills to work with abstract data, concepts and raw materials, and frame appropriate questions to achieve a solution or range of solutions to a problem.

HM302

HM 302 Microeconomics - 10 Credit Points

Microeconomics introduces students to the basic concepts of economic problems, different kinds of economies, the production possibilities curve, the law of demand and supply and the law of diminishing returns. This knowledge is applied and tested in drawing different curves and schedules. Students develop the knowledge and the skills to make sound and justified economic decisions in the field of health management.

HM 303

HM 303 Research Methods - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers theories of qualitative and quantitative research, and research methodology from the setting up and execution of research projects, through definition of research problems, selection of research objectives, project design, data analysis and presentation of results. The unit helps students to get started in research and identifies the basic steps in research design, that is, the way a research idea is translated into a feasible research proposal and the steps that must be taken thereafter to implement the proposed study. The unit culminates in student presentations of manageable research proposals.

BS 312

BS 312 Financial Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit gives students an operational knowledge of finance through theory and application, including computer application. The concepts, principles and theories will provide the students the knowledge, analytical and evaluative skills in making decisions pertaining to the allocation, acquisition and management of funds whether for working or long -term investment needs of businesses operating in PNG.

HM 304

HM 304 Health Information Management -10 Credit Points

In this unit students consider the knowledge and skills needed to manage a health information system. This unit stresses the importance of a methodical approach to having accurate, relevant, timely and complete data for effective and ‘evidence-based’ decision making by healthcare personnel. It examines the importance of health records in the surveillance, planning and generation of health information; and the issues of privacy, confidentiality and the law in records management, the development of procedural documentation and computerized data management bases.

HM 305

HM 305 Health Policy - 10 Credit Points

This unit describes the nature of public policy interventions within the various domains of public health, the motivations for undertaking them, the influence of the political, bureaucratic, and social environment in which policy decisions are made, the consequences of such decisions, and an analysis of the effects of public health policies. Students evaluate case studies of PNG public health policy decisions and their effects. Discussions are held on what is happening globally in terms of policy initiatives to bridge the gap between increasing demands in health care and scarcity of resources.

HM 306

HM 306 Health Economics - 10 Credit Points

The unit provides an overview of economic issues affecting health service delivery. The unit begins with a broad introduction to economics, starting with basic concepts and methods. Resources and scarcity are reviewed and discussed, along with the theory of demand, supply, market economy, competition and market equilibrium. Students consider financing health care; the use of cost information; measuring health benefits; and economic appraisal and evaluation of health interventions.

HM 307

HM 307 Resource Management 2 - 10 Credit Points

This unit provides the knowledge and skills to develop and manage resources to ensure the ongoing maintenance of buildings and grounds of health facilities in PNG. Students develop skills to manage, develop and maintain health facility buildings and grounds; design and undertake building audits; analyse and evaluate environmental and land issues that impact on development; critically appraise the need for preventative maintenance; design and implement a preventative maintenance program; manage services effectively and efficiently in hospitals and healthcare facilities.

HM 402

HM 402 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 1 - 10 Credit Points

This unit develops students’ ability to critically appraise and assess health service needs and to design and implement a strategic plan. Health managers need to be able to implement health policy throughout the health delivery system. Health planning and evaluation skills are key tools for ensuring that health services satisfy national policy goals in a sustainable and efficient manner. Students develop competencies in planning and evaluation for health managers. It puts planning and evaluation into a project management framework and examines methods and applications.

HM 403

HM 403 Working with the Media - 10 Credit Points

This unit creates an awareness of the challenges and opportunities created by the national and international media (print, radio, television, Internet) in relation to health issues in PNG. It provides knowledge and understanding of how the media works, its structure, role and function. Students study the laws governing the media including censorship, rights to privacy and freedom of information, what makes news, handling news inquiries, writing press releases, being interviewed, hosting press conferences and preparing informational and educational campaigns. Students examine the importance of networking and lobbying in order to achieve desired health outcomes.

HM 404

HM 404 Project Planning - 10 Credit Points

In this unit, students, as a team, design a project and prepare a project proposal to reduce, eliminate, eradicate or address a specific health problem and the associated morbidity and mortality. The project should intend to improve the health of the population of a community. Students consider a situation analysis, project rationale, options, project description, benefits or impacts, resources, costing and organization and management of a project. The unit provides the beginning knowledge and skills in planning and designing of projects.

HM 407

HM 407 Health System Research - 10 Credit Points

This unit explores research into health system issues. The objectives of this unit are two fold: (1) to generate new knowledge with the appropriate technological skills to deal with health issues. and (2) to identify priority problems in order to design and evaluate policies and programs that will facilitate health benefits and optimal use of locally available resources.

HM 401

HM 401 Quality Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit examines the background of quality management, the implications of quality, quality assurance and quality management. Consideration is given to quality standards for hospitals and health centres and how the organization’s culture and employee attitudes can affect quality outcomes. Students discuss and evaluate the resources, infrastructure and tools necessary to ensure quality of health care facilities and services. Students gain the knowledge and skills to manage quality of care assessment, control, and improvement in healthcare delivery settings.

HM 405

HM 405 Contemporary Issues in Health Management 2 - 10 Credit Points

This unit integrates cultural, economic, scientific and population health knowledge for the better management of contemporary health issues in Papua New Guinea. Students develop critical insight into a variety of current, multi-faceted issues through case studies, readings, independent research and shared knowledge. The issues are considered using background techniques from management strategic planning, finance, organizational theory, statistics and epidemiology.

HM 406

HM 406 Health Services Management - 10 Credit Points

This unit explores the efficient and sustained utilization of the human, physical, material and fiscal resources of health service delivery in line with the identified needs of the population. Students consider skills to effectively implement health activities through the use of strategic management plans for health services; use quality management tools to assist the implementation of health activities; improve health service delivery by using information from health services; and undertake a process evaluation. Implementation activities include organizing resources, leadership for action, and controlling the implementation process.

HM 408

HM 408 Project Monitoring and Evaluation - 10 Credit Points

This unit covers project monitoring and evaluation. Students learn how to use the logical framework approach to summarise the assumptions and risks that affect the outcome of a project. They determine the feasibility of a project and whether the project outcomes can be sustained after the duration of the project. Students gain knowledge and skills in effective planning and designing of projects and how to carry out efficient monitoring and evaluation.